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Exam II Study Guide (got 96%)

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ANTH 1003
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STUDY GUIDE TEST 2 ANTH 1003This study guide includes topics that will be covered on the second test on March 71 Subsistence Strategies know definition know the different kinds and what each consists of know which groups practice which subsistence strategies if discussed in lectureSubsistence StrategiesWays of transforming material resources of the environment into foodHow societies use the physical environment to provide for basic material requirements of lifeClassifications eticClassification based on technology which determines the productivity of any given environmentBegan with foraging evolved over time in many placesto include other strategies1 ForagingRely on food naturally available in the environment Fishing hunting and collecting vegetable food hunting and gatheringLimits population growth Strategy for 99 of the time humans have been on earthIncludes modernday examples such as the Inuit Arctic the Mbuti Central African Ituri rainforest aborigines Great Australian Desert SanKung Kalahari Desert JuhoansiAs many moved into settlements they came to rely on government rations and their access to land for hunting was severely limitedInnuitLive primarily from hunting whales caribou seal polar bears seal birds2 PastoralismCaring for domesticated animals which produce both meat and milkInvolves a complex interaction among animals land and peopleDoes not require direct competition with other groups for the same resourcesFound along with cultivation or trading relations with food cultivatorsMasaiSubsist primarily on milk and blood of cows also keep sheep and goatsWomen and children eat fruit Changing diet more maize Tourism3 HorticultureProduction of plants using nonmechanized technologyPlant and harvest with simple tools hoe digging stick without use of animals irrigation or plowsDoes not use fields year after year but allows them to recover through fallowProduces a lower yield per acre and uses less human labor than mechanized agriculture
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