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World Archaeology Test 1

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 2050
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
WorldArchaeologyDrDavidChicoinedchicolsueduOfficeHoursHouseRussellE219MondayWednesday230500BranchesofArchaeologyAnthropologySocioculturalEthnoligusiticsPhysicalBiologicalArchaeologyThestudyofhumansandtheirpastthroughwhattheydoItalsoincludeswhattheylookslikePrehistoricArchaeologyHistoricalArchaeologyInEuropeArchaeologywasbornoutofGeologyInEuropetheystartedtofindrocksthatlookeddifferentandrealizedtheywerechipstonesofextinctspeciesHumanOriginsFossilsMineralizedbonesRobustvsGracileAustralopithecinesEvolutionBiologicalThroughyourgenesBiologicalevolutionbynaturalselectionExThePolarBearThickfurwhiteCulturalCulturaladaptionTwodifferentculturesthathaveverydifferentbehaviorsthatarelearnedeventhoughbiologicallytheyarethesameSocializationbehaviorsarelearnedthroughthisIfyouhavebehaviorsthatarenotverywelladaptedtotheenvironmentthenthatpersonwillprobablydieandthatbehaviorwillnotbepassedonthroughsocializationExClothingintheartickillingamammothToolsstartedtofindtoolsaround25millionyearsagoClothingLanguageWritingCultureisournonbiologicalthingsthatarelearnedmeansofadaptingtoournaturalandsocialenvironmentTechnologicalVariationAdaptedtoonesenvironmentVariationthatallowsyoutohavemoreoffspringmeansyouaremorefitAdaptionSelectionChangeDarwinsEvolutionConceptofNaturalSelectionIndividualsvariationsarepassedtooffspringMoreoffspringareproducedthancansurviveSurvivalandreproductionnotrandomVariationsmoresuitedoftensurvivetoreproduceorreproducemoreIndividualswithinspeciesvaryhumansalllookdifferentbutaresamespeciesSomevariationsarepassedtooffspringEvolutionCommonDecentEveryorganismdescendedfromacommonancestorWhatdowesharewithotherprimatesPrimateCharacteristicsSummaryLargebrains3DvisionreducedsenseofsmellFlexibleshoulderjointsverticalpositioningoftrunkHandsandfeetwithfivedigitsGraspingthumbFlatfingernailsinsteadofclawsGeneralizeddentitionExtendedgestationandmaturation9monthsWhenoffspringareborntheyareveryuselessStrongmaternaloffspringbondHighdegreeofsocializationWhatdowehavethatisdifferentfromotherprimatesDifferentstructuresinourhipsBipedalismGivesusmoreenduranceLargebrainandforeheadReducedbodyhairReducedphysicalagilityNumberofchromosomesHumans46Chimpanzees48
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