Archaeology 2050 (got the best grade in class)

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 2050
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Archaeology205008252010TheScienceofArchaeologyOnceexcavatedthefindisbasicallygoneforevermustimaginetheconditionsinwhichpeoplelivedIntroducesalotofownbiasesbutobservesempiricalevidenceOverviewofArchaeologyEuropearchaeologybornfromgeologyArchaeologymainlyaprehistoricdomainArchaeologyisasubsetofanthropologyPrehistoricArchaeologyandHistoricalArchaeologyStudyofpasthumanculturalbehaviorsbasedonmaterialrecordConceptofcultureknowledgebeliefartmoralslawcustomandanyothercapabilitiesandhabitsacquiredasamemberofsociety99ofhumanpastcanbeunderstoodthroughprehistoricarchaeologywritingappears3000BCMaterialculturethetangibleaspectofhumanculturalbehaviorsArtifactspotabletoolspotshockeypucksetcFeaturespostholeshearthsetcHumanremainsAnimalremainsPlantremainsSedimentsCulturereferstononbiologicalaspectsofhumansocietyartmusiccuisineetcBigArchaeologicalQuestionsWhowerethefirsthumanswhereandwhendidtheyliveHowandwhendidhumansspreadthroughouttheworldWhenhowandwhywasagricultureinventedWhydidsedentaryvillagelifedevelopWhatwerethecircumstancessurroundingtheemergenceofstatesWhatarethegoalsofarchaeologyImportantgoalswithpracticalapplicationWhatledtothecontemporaryworldProcessesofsocialchangeWayshumansorganizesocietyHelptoshapethepresentThosewhodonotrememberthepastaredestinedtorepeatitGeorgeSantayana1905MajorpersonalemotionalbenefitshumansliketolearnabouttheirpastAlsoitsfunGoodwaytospendtimelearningabouttheworldweliveinWhatdoarchaeologistswanttolearnKnowledgeaboutpastsocietiesfromtheGreekarkhaiologiastudyofancientthingsScienceofmaterialsystemsSystemiclivingsocietiesvsarchaeologicalcontextspastsocietieswholeftremainsbehindInotherwordsWearethegarbagepickersoftheuniverseThreemainobjectivesReconstructhowpeoplelivedatsingletimesynchronicperspectiveReconstructsequencesofeventsdiachronicperspectiveieculturehistoryCombinesynchronicanddiachronicapproachestounderstandtheprocessesofsocialchangeArchaeologistssupportclaimsbycollectingEMPIRICALEVIDENCEWeDONOTPROVEanythingwesupporthypotheseswithevidenceinordertodistinguishwhatisPROBABLEfromwhatispossibleWhatconstitutesarchaeologicalevidenceWhatwedonthavePeopletotalktoandactionstoobserveNowrittendocumentsnormallyWhatwehaveGarbageanddebrisArchaeologicalrecordisfragmentaryWhyisthereanythingleftArchaeologicalrecordformedbyvariousfactorsWhatsthevalueofthearchaeologicalrecordBasicproblemgapbetweenwhatwewanttolearnandtheevidenceavailableSomeaspectsofpastculturalbehaviorsaremoredifficulttoreconstructegreligiousbeliefsWhatdoarchaeologistslookattolearnaboutthepastWhattranslatesfromsystemicculturalcontextstoarchaeologicalcontextsAustralopithecusafarensisGreatapefromAfar34mya
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