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BIOL 1002 (57)
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Test 2 Notes (97% in the course

18 Pages
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Department
Biological Sciences
Course Code
BIOL 1002
Professor
All

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Description
StartTest2915Ch19contProkaryotesBacteriaandArchaeaDomains11000Speciesdescribedmaybe1001000xthatnumberst1organismstoappearonEarth35billionyearsagooThemajorityofbacteriacausesdiseaseinplantsanimalsetcoThemajorityofbacteriaDONOTcausediseaseinhomosapiensCellWalloSemirigidpermeablemadeofpeptidoglycancarbohydratewithaminoacidsattachedGivesbacteriashapesDesigncomesfromthegenomeCellWallShapesoBacillirodshapedCocciSpirillaSpiralshapedoCapsulesandSlimewallsCapsuleshighlyorganizedfirmlyattachedtocellwellSlimelayerlessorganizedlooselyattachedtocellwallPilioHairlikestructuresonsurfaceofbacteriawhichaidinattachmentRotatingFlagellaEndosporeoProtectiverestingstructuresbacteriasurroundedbydurablecellwallResistanttoextremeconditionsReproductionoAsexualbinaryfissionoSexualintheformofconjugationsusingplasmidsEnergysourcesoAutotrophsusingphotosynthesisorchemosynthesisoHeterotrophsincludingsymbiotesDiseasescausedbybacteriaoGonorrheasyphilistuberculosisLymediseaseAntibioticResistanceBioremediationoMakingtheenvironmentbetterforlivingorganismsDeinococcusRadioduransSurvive3000xmoreradiationthanhumansTolerateextremedehydrationheatandcoldUsedtochewuptoxicwasteExxonValdezoilspillSuperBacterium920SalemWitchTrialsIN1692ErgotismErgotsFungalrestingbondiesErgotgrowsinryeandothergrainsItcausesergotismwhichcanincludecrawlingsensationintheskintinglinginthefingersvertigoringingintheearsheadacheshallucinationpainfulmuscularcontractionsleadingtoconvulsionsvomitinganddiarrheaAllofthesesymptomsarementionedintherecordoftheSalemwhichtrialsCh20TheFungiStructureMyceliumthefeedingnetworkofafungusbodyoMaybeextremelylargeoUsuallyfoundundergroundorinsideadecayingorlivingorganismoComposedofawovenmeshofhyphaechainsofcellsHyphaethethreadlikefilamentsofafungusoTubularcellwallcontainingchitin
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