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BIOL 1201 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Rotenone, Red Blood Cell, Plant Cell

Biological Sciences
Course Code
BIOL 1201
Study Guide

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Exam 2: Biology Study Modules, Learning Catalytic
Questions, and Mastering Biology topics
1. Animal cells have unique organelles called _____ that are
composed of structures called ____.
Centrosomes; centrioles
2. The extracellular matrix of the animal cell has all of the following
molecular components except _____.
A middle lamella
3. What is the functional connection between the nucleolus, nuclear
pores, and the nuclear membrane?
Subunits of ribosomes are assembled in the nucleolus and pass
through the nuclear membrane via the nuclear pores.
4. Which of the following groups is primarily involved in synthesizing
molecules needed by the cell?
Ribosomes, rough endoplasmic reticulum, and smooth
endoplasmic reticulum
5. Cells are small because __________.
Of the geometric relationships between surface and volume
6. The region of a bacterial cell that contains the genetic material is
called the __________.
7. The walls of plant cells are largely composed of polysaccharides
and proteins that are synthesized _____.
In the rough endoplasmic reticulum and in the Golgi apparatus
8. Microfilaments function in cell motility including ______.
Muscle contraction, amoeboid movement, and cytoplasmic
streaming in plants
9. Observing a fluorescent micrograph cell with intermediate
filaments would help you identify the cell as a ___.
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Human skin cell
10. Dye injected into a plant cell might be able to enter an
adjacent cell through __________.
11. The function of the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) is __.
To synthesize proteins that are secreted as glycoproteins
12. Which statement about the cytoskeleton is true?
Components of the cytoskeleton often mediate the movement of
organelles within the cytoplasm.
13. Evidence that supports the prokaryotic origins of
mitochondria and chloroplasts are all of the following except ___.
That mitochondria and chloroplasts have multiple copies of linear
DNA molecules associated with their inner membranes
14. Which of the following is false in respect to cells'
Chromosomes are only visible as a cell is about to divide.
15. The endosymbiont theory explains the origins of ________.
Mitochondria and chloroplasts
16. In terms of cellular function, what is the most important
difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
Eukaryotic cells are compartmentalized, which allows for
17. _____ are membrane-bound metabolic compartments that
specialize in the production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and its
conversion to water.
18. Basal bodies are most closely associated with which of the
following cell components?
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19. Bacterial cells are prokaryotic. Unlike a typical eukaryotic
cell they __________.
Have no membrane-bounded organelles in their cytoplasm
20. Your intestine is lined with individual cells. No fluids leak
between these cells from the gut into your body. Why?
The intestinal cells are bound together by tight junctions.
21. Cilia and flagella move due to the interaction of the
cytoskeleton with which of the following?
Motor proteins
22. Which of the following is present in a prokaryotic cell?
23. Cell junctions in plant cells are called ______, and
communicating junctions in animal cells are called ______.
Plasmodesmata; gap junctions
24. A substance moving from outside the cell into the cytoplasm
must pass through __________.
The plasma membrane
25. A protein that ultimately functions in the plasma membrane
of a cell is most likely to have been synthesized __________.
In the rough endoplasmic reticulum
26. Cell motility, which includes changes both in cell location
and in the movement of cell parts, requires interactions of the
cytoskeleton __________.
With motor proteins
27. The orgaelle that is a plat ell’s opartet for the
storage of inorganic ions such as potassium and chloride is the
Central vacuole
28. You would expect a cell with an extensive Golgi apparatus to
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