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Midterm

Business Law Exam 2 (Got A+ on the test)

15 Pages
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Department
Business Law
Course Code
BLAW 3201
Professor
All

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Description
Chapter611122013Criminallawisdesignedtopreventharmtosocietybydefiningcriminalconductandestablishingpunishmentforsuchconduct1Thedefendantisprosecutedbythegovernment1MustbeguiltybeyondareasonabledoubtBurdenofprooffarhigherthanrequiredbycivillawTortcivilwrongNaturesofCrimeCrimeanyactoromissionforbiddenbypubliclawintheinterestofprotectingsocietyandmadepunishablebythegovernmentinjudicialproceedingbroughtbyitCrimeconsistoftwoelements21Thewrongfulorovertactactusreus1Thenonmentalelementsofacrimeincludingthephysicalactthatmustbeperformedtheconsequencesoftheactandthecircumstancesunderwhichitmustbeperformed32Thecriminalintentmensrea1thementalelementofacrime2DegreesofMentalFault1SubjectiveFault13TypesofSubjectiveFault1Purposefullyiftheindividualsconsciousobjectistoengageintheprohibitedconductorcausetheprohibitedresult2Knowinglyiftheindividualisawarethathisconductisaprohibitedtypeorthataprohibitedconsequenceispracticallycertaintoresult3Recklesslyiftheindividualconsciouslydisregardsasubstantialandunjustifiablerisk1thathisconductisprohibitedor2thatitwillcauseaprohibitedresult2ObjectiveFault1Involvesagrossdeviationfromthestandardofcarethatareasonablepersonwouldobserveunderthecircumstances2ExCarelessnessornegligence1Involuntarymanslaughtercarelessdrivingissuingabadcheck3Liabilitywithoutfault1ExSaleofalcoholtominorSaleofadulteratedfoodMalainsewrongsinthemselvesormorallywrongMalaprohibitanotmorallywrongbutdeclaredwrongfulbylawFelonyanycrimepunishablebydeathorimprisonmentinthepenitentiaryMisdemeanoranycrimepunishablebyafineorimprisonmentinalocaljailVicariousLiabilitytheliabilityimposedupononepersonfortheactsofanother4Employersarevicariouslyliableforanyauthorizedcriminalactoftheiremployeesiftheemployerdirectedparticipatedinorapprovedoftheact5Employersareordinarilynotliablefortheunauthorizedcriminalactsoftheiremployees6EmployersmaybecriminallyliableunderliabilitywithoutfaultstatutesforcertainunauthorizedactsoftheiremployeeswhetherthoseemployeesaremanagerialornotLiabilityofCorporations7TheModalPenalCodeprovidesthatacorporationmaybeconvictedofacriminaloffensefortheconductofemployeesifoneofthefollowinghappens1Thelegislativepurposeofthestatutedefiningtheoffenseistoimposeliabilityoncorporationsandtheconductiswithinthescopeoftheemployeesofficeoremployment2Theoffenseconsistsofanomissiontodischargespecificaffirmativedutyimposeduponcorporationsbylaw3Theoffensewasauthorizedrequestedcommandedperformedorrecklesslytoleratedbytheboardofdirectorsorbyahighmanagerialagentofthecorporation8Punishmentisusuallyviafineshoweverinsomeinstancesindividualsbearingresponsibilityforthecriminalactfacefinesandorimprisonment9Acorporationimplementaneffectivecomplianceandethicsprogramtopreventpotentiallegalviolationsbythecorporationandemployees10Aneffectivecomplianceandethicsprogramshouldincludethefollowing11Standardsandproceedingtopreventanddetectcriminalconduct
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