CFS 4052 Lecture 14: DISCUSSION SET 5Exam
DepartmentChild and Family Studies
Course CodeCFS 4052
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October 1 2019
Discussion Set Questions #4
There are various systems of welfare in our country - various methods through
which we all benefit from public goods and services. What are these systems?
"Some writers suggest that to some extent, everyone is on welfare in
America." Do you agree or disagree? Support your view with a reasoned (non-
Demonstrate that you understand how markets and the economy shapes
family life and family decisions; or make a cogent argument that they don't.
There are three systems of welfare, social welfare, occupational welfare, and fiscal
welfare. Social welfare is the direct expenditures made by government on public goods and
services. Social welfare benefits operate outside the theories and functions of the
marketplace, (not market driven). The social market is driven by need, dependency altruism,
social obligations, charitable impulses, and the desire for a certain communal society. When
we hear the term welfare, most of the time we are thinking about social welfare. The second
system of welfare is occupational welfare, which is the wellbeing supported in the
workplace. This is somewhat at the discretion of employers or negotiated at the state or
federal government. This comes in the form of benefits for the employees. The final system
of welfare is fiscal welfare. Fiscal welfare refers to the tax system, it includes benefits,
deductions, exemptions, and tax credits designed to promote social well-being.
The notion that every American citizen is on welfare some way or another is an
extremely controversial statement. A valid argument could be made either way. If you think
in the broadest terms it is possible to reason that welfare affects all citizens in some way. I
however, believe that if you are working, paying your taxes and receiving less than you are
putting in that you would not be considered on welfare. The United States has many public
programs offered to all citizens no matter their financial state; some of these include the
public-school system, the roads and highways, Medicare, social security and so much more.
All these programs are funded with taxpayer money so while we have the rights to them
taxpayers are also paying for these programs.
It affects the workplace you will enter and the jobs you will perform. It affects the
funding levels and the structure of the funding for the programs in which you will work. It
requires you to weave together services for clients from a complex and often fragmented
array of services – care coordination. Your clients will trust you to understand the
background information on the services you provide and your constituents such as
legislators, policymakers, and community groups will assume a basic level of understanding
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