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1st Exam Notes2 (got 93% on the test)

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Louisiana State University
Communication Studies
CMST 1150

Exam 1 Review Overview of Communication Studies1Where did Communication Studies departments originateaArt of rhetoric mid400s BC in Syracuse SicilySicilians overthrew regime and formed democratic societyfirst task bring legal claims against tyrannical government2What was the focus of early departmentsaCorax and Tisiasfirst theorists and teachers of rhetorictaught citizens how to present claims forcefully and effectivelybAristotle Isocrates Platotaught wrote books wrote laws etcc5 cannons of rhetoric iInvention The art of discovering ideas for speaking and arguments or proofs to support claims and increase a speakers credibilityiiOrganization The art of arranging ideas clearly and effectively to enhance a speakers credibilityiiiStyle The art of speaking well with grace clarity and vitalityivMemory The art of familiarizing oneself with the content of ones speech so that ones energies can be devoted to delivery and interaction with listenersvDelivery The art of presenting a speech effectively and in ways that enhance credibility3How has that focus changedaLiberal Educationi1800s1900s in US first major democratic nation w compulsory education1Rhetoric considered core aspect college education2In democracy need informed group of people because rule of the people3Public speaking increasingly important means of persuasion and influencethii19 century universities held chairs of rhetoric held by distinguished scholars and civic leadersJohn Quincy Adamsiii1912 Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication was foundediv1914 National Association of Teachers of Public Speaking was foundedthvEarly 20 century John Dewey championed progressive thinking in cultural lifevi1914 Speech Teachers of America was founded became National Communication Association in 1997bBroadening the FieldiScientific empirical research emergedii1950 International Communication Association was foundediiiAssociated with social scientific traditionfavors quantitative methods of researchiv1960s and 70s emerged interpersonal communication in response to unprecedented social and political upheaval of the timecCommunication Power and Empowermenti1960s relationship between communication and power in cultural lifeiiMichel Foucaultconcerned with who is and who is not allowed to speak in a societywho is importantdIntrapersonal CommunicationiIntrapersonal Communication Communication with ourselves or selftalkiiUse to plan our lives rehearse different ways of acting to prompt ourselves to do or not do particular thingseInterpersonal CommunicationiInterpersonal Communication Communication between peopleiiIt is a continuum that ranges from quite impersonal to highly interpersonal iiiHow communication creates and sustains relationships and how partners communicate to deal with the normal and extraordinary challenges of maintaining intimacy over timefPerformance StudiesiWays in which we perform our personal professional and social identities and the ways in which performance allows us to understand experiencesiiPerformance in everyday life oral traditions issues of powergGroup and Team CommunicationiSmallgroup communications decisionmaking committees and work teamsiiLeadership member roles group features agendas for achieving goals managing conflicthPublic CommunicationiMost people in situations opportunity to speech publicly or where speaking up is a responsibilityiiEvaluate works of public speakersMartin Luther King JriiiArgumentationfocuses on how to build effective arguments by using sound reasoning and strong evidence and by developing ideas in ways that respond to listeners beliefs concerns and goalsivPolitical communicationiOrganizational CommunicationiIdentify communication skills that enhance professional successiiOrganizational Culture Made up of understandings about identity and codes of thought and action that members of an organization shareiiiIssue of sexual harassment personal relationships between coworkersjMass CommunicationiHow media represent and influence cultural valuesrace ethnicityiiMedia shape and sometimes distort our perceptions of ourselves and societykTechnologies of CommunicationiConcerns and Thrills of new technology1Undermine human community2Celebrate social networks and productivity technology allows3Fundamentaly transform how we think and process information4Worry that abundance of information we can now get on any topic is useless unless we learn how to evaluate it critically so that we transform raw information into knowledge4Communication Julia Woods definition and detailed explanation of all elements of definitionaCommunication A systemic process in which people interact with and through symbols to create and interpret meaningsiFeatures of Communication
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