FINAL REVIEW GUIDE (aced the test and got 96%)

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Louisiana State University
Communication Studies
CMST 2010

Introvertextrovert oExtraversion tends to be manifested in outgoing talkative energetic behavioroIntroversion is manifested in more reserved quiet shy behaviorSensingintuition oSensing people focus on the presentThey are here and now people who are factual and process information through the five sensesThey see things as they areThey are concrete thinkersoIntuitive people focus on the future and the possibilitiesThey process information through patterns and impressionsThey read between the lines they are abstract thinkersThinkingfeelingoThinking people are objective and make decisions based on factsThey are ruled by their head instead of their heartThinking people judge situations and others based on logicoFeeling people are subjective and make decisions based on principles and valuesThey are ruled by their heart instead of their headFeeling people judge situations and others based on feelings and extenuating circumstancesJudgingperceivingoJudgers approach life in a structured way creating plans and organizing their world to achieve their goals sense of controland desired results in a predictable wayThey get theirby taking charge of their environment and making choices earlyThey are selfdisciplined and decisive and seek closure in decisionsWhen they ask for things they are specific and expect others to do as they sayThey enjoy being expertsoPerceivers perceive structure as being more limiting than enablingThey prefer to keep their choices open so they can cope with many problems that the know life will put in their wayThey get their sense of control by keeping their options open and making choices only when they are necessaryThey are generally curious and like to expand their knowledge which they will freely acknowledge as being incompleteThey are tolerant of other peoples differences and will adapt to fit into whatever the situation requiresDefinition of interpersonal communicationoCommunication between participants who are dependent upon one anotherIt can involve one on one conversations or individuals interacting with many people within a societyIt helps us understand how and why people behave and communicate in different ways to construct and negotiate a social realityFour stages of perception process Chapter 41Selectingrequiring us to use our visual auditory tactile and olfactory senses to respond to stimuli in our interpersonal environmentSelective Exposurethe choice to subject oneself to certain stimuliSelective Attentionthe decision to pay attention to certain stimuli while ignoring othersSelective Retentionthe choice to save or delete information from ones longterm memoryBiased information searchpurposely seeking out certain types of informationProximitythe physical distance between interactionUtilitythe usefulness of the informationNoveltythe tendency to pay attention to stimuli that are original new or differentSizephysical size of the stimulus tall people are perceived as more importantIntensityhow in your face the stimulus isPrimacythe first information acquired Recencythe last information acquired2Organizingwe place what we are often a number of confusing pieces of information into an understanding accessible and orderly arrangementSchemataorganized clusters of knowledge and information about particular topicsoPrototypeknowledge structures which represent the most common attributes of a phenomenonoPersonal constructsbipolar dimensions of meaning used to predict and evaluate how people behaveoStereotypeimpressions and expectations based on ones knowledge or beliefs about a specific group of people which are then applied to all individuals who are members of that groupoScriptsknowledge structures that guide and influence how we process information3Interpretingwe assign meaning to what we perceiveAttribution theoryhow people explain their own and others behavior
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