CMST Final Study Guide (Got A+ on the test)

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Louisiana State University
Communication Studies
CMST 2061

Chapter 8ManagerLeadersContinue the status quo as efficiently as possibleLook toward tomorrow to create the new status quoPresentsight focus is on the here and now or what isForesight focus is on tomorrow and what can beDo the telling Do theselling ex This is the way we want you to do the jobex If we were to change this processhow would you do things differentlyResponsibility organize laborinspire laborReaction to information reactive to new informationProactive in that they use the untested and uncertain in an effort to maintain the status quonature of new information as an opportunity for growth Vision see the future through the prism See the present through the futureof the past and presentPower use legitimate power or power that isUse referent power or the ability to get followers to actofficially granted to them by the organization because the followers like the leader and believe in his or her visionTrait Leadership PerspectiveThe trait leadership perspective holds that people either possess the attributes of a leader or they do not Great man theory of leadership studied royalty and others in positions of power to determine what qualities they possess that make them effective leaders Ralph Stodgill 1948 1974 believed that leadership qualities are part of a persons personality and therefore research on leadership must always account for personality traits There are several traits associated with leadershipTrait of narcissism the belief that they as opposed to someone else are qualified to lead This trait assumes a higher level of selfconfidence and selfefficacy than those levels found in followers Trait of charisma reflects the leaders ability to display a high degree of communication competence the ability to inspire confidence the ability to inspire subordinates as well as the ability to convince subordinates to buy into the leaders visionThe term communication competence refers to the ability to be effective ie achieve a desired goal and appropriate ie achieve goals in a way that respects other people and is deemed socially appropriate The study oforganizational leadership is prominent in the work of Max Weber 1947 who distinguished charisma based on behavior ie pure charisma and charisma based on the position of power the person holds within the organization ie routinized charisma It is important to remember that leaders possess charisma regardless of whether their intent is for good or evil Examples of people who are very charismatic John F Kennedy Oprah Winfrey Charles Manson Ronald Reagan Barack Obama
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