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Final

FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE PART II

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Department
Geology
Course
GEOL 1001
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE PART IIThe two most common elements in the crust of Earth are airon and calciumbmagnesium and manganesecoxygen and hydrogendoxygen and siliconANSDDiagenesis refers to athe development of layering within sedimentary rocksbthe act of deposition of sediment which will ultimately form sedimentary rockcphysical and chemical alterations including compaction and cementation that occur as sediment is transformed into rockANSCCompared to continental lithosphere oceanic lithosphere is athickerbthinnercapproximately the same thicknessANSBThe lithosphere is composed of the acrust onlybcrust mantle and outer corectop 100 m of sediments and sedimentary rocksdcrust and the uppermost part of the mantleANSDThe asthenosphere lies directly below the aLithosphereUnder the theory of plate tectonics the plates themselves are adiscrete pieces of lithosphere at the surface of the solid Earth that move with respect to one anotherbdiscrete layers of lithosphere that are vertically stacked one atop the otherccomposed only of continental rocks which plow through the weaker oceanic rocksdvery thick approximately onequarter of Earths radiusANSAIn the terminology of plate tectonics an active margin is asynonymous with subduction zoneba 5mile radius surrounding an active volcanoca continental coastline that coincides with a plate boundary
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