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Midterm

EXAM 2 CLASS NOTES

9 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1001
Professor
All

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Description
AncientGreekCivilizationsDiscoveryofNewCivilizationsAHomerandHeinrichSchliemannbeforetheworkofSchliemannandEvansitwasbelievedthattherewerenocivilizationsinGreecebeforeHomerpreHomericcivilizationsitwasproventhattherewerepreHomericcivilizationsBMinoanCivilizationstrongconnectiontothesearockyandhillylandisntlevelsohardforagriculturerainforwatersourcebeganin2600BCconfinedtoCreteLinearAappearsin2000BClandperfectforproductionandtradeofwineandoliveoiloliveoilgreatforcookingandlightevidenceofwineandgoldkeptunderkingspalacealltradewasbarterwithnocurrencyclaytabletsweregroupedwithlinearAandlinearBLinearBsupplantsLinearAin1450BCweassumetheMinoanswereconqueredbuttheMycenaeansendedby1370BCCMycenaeanCivilizationbeganin1500BCgoldandtreasurecompactcitieswithhighdefensivewallsburieddeadwithweaponsfoughtoverHelenofTroywhichlasted10yearsplanthugeoliveandgrapetreesslaveeconomyeachcityhasakingnotunifiedunderonerulerbiggestbuildingwerethewallsdidntbuildmassivetemplesorpalacescompletelydisappearbecauseofnaturaldisastersalsodisappearbecauseofDoriansnamegivenbyHomerandtheyconquerandkilldemolisheverythingbuttheproblemwasthattherewasnoevidenceofoutsideintrusionhighperiod14001200BCthroughoutAegeansmallwalledcitieswarfaretradeinwineandoliveoiluseofLinearBtheyhadnoevidenceofreligionwhichthentheyassumedthatpraisedGreekgodsendedby1100BCTwocivilizationdiscovered1HeinrichSchliemannMycenaeanCivilization2SirArthurEvansMinoanCivilization25001370BCbronzelocationonCreteIITimeofTurmoil12001000BCMycenaeansandHittitesandEgyptianscollapseNewKingdomofEgyptabouttodisappearmassmigrationofpeoplewhichwasExodusandMosesTrojanWarhappenedcausedbytheseaofpeoplewhichcouldbeMycenaeanpeoplethatareonthemovesincetheircivilizationcollapsedHomerIliadwarwheregodsinterfereHeinrichSchliemannGermancamefrommiddleclassmerchantfamilyfatherwasaheavydrinkerpulledHeinrichoutofschoollovedstoriesofHomerdecidestoleaveGermanyin1850makeswaytoCaliforniaforGoldRushsetsupabusinesssellingthingsandbecamewealthywantedtodiscoverthecityofTroygoestoTurkeyfindmassivewallswhenhewasdiggingfoundgoldentreasuresfoundtreasuresthatweredifferentthenotherruinsclaimedevidencethecityofTroywasburntpeoplewereconvincedthatitwasntactuallyTroyMycenaeHeinrichfindsasmallcitywithgiantwallswhendigginghefindssomegravesofimportantpeople19gravesonegravehasagoldmaskgravesfullofswordsandweaponsSirArthurEvansOxfordprofessorEnglishHomersaidCretewasthehomeofMinoshethoughtmaybetherewasacivilizationonCretesohegoesMinoancivilization26001400BCdiscoveredthecityofKnossosandusedHomers
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