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Hist 1003 Final Part A And B Terms (got the best grade in class)

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HIST 1003
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Part A TermsAppeasementForeign policy of making concessions to satisfy an aggressor used most notably by Great Britain and France in the late 1930s to avoid war with Nazi GermanKatyn Forest Massacre Soviet leaders authorized the rounding up and shooting of 20000 polish military officers teachers and businessmen that took place in a heavily forested are known at Katyn Stalin blamed Nazis army the soviets were heavily suspectedJasenovac Croatian Fascist prison camp where Serbs Jews and gypsies were tortured and murdered in the Yugoslavian civil warShow Trials Highly publicized trial in which the outcome has been decided beforehand Most prominently used in Stalins regime in the 30s and in eastern European Satellite states in the late 40s and early 50sNuremberg TrialsTrials of highranking Nazis after World War II resulting in the execution of twelve officials for crimes against humanityT4 Program stands for Tiergarten 4 the address of the Berlin headquarters of the Nazi euthanasia program Under the T4 program the Nazis began murdering mentally and physically handicapped people in 1939 officially stopped in Germany as a result of public pressure though continued unofficially to 1945Truman DoctrineUS president Harry Trumans policy initiated in 1947 stating that the United States would contain communism and offering military assistance to countries threatened by a communist takeoverVichy France French state established after France was defeated by Germany in 1940 It collaborated with the Germans until the Allies liberated France in 1944Berlin Airliftairlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of West Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to BerlinResistance Movements An organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability the white roseCharles De Gaulle After escaping to Great Britain during the war came back into power with the crisis in Algeria Called for a vote of their independence and there was an overwhelming approval of the pull outSrebrenica the July 1995 killing of more than 8000 Bosnia men and boys as well as the ethnic cleansing of another 2500030000 refugees in and around the town of Srebrenica in Bosnia and Herzegovina during Bosnia warAnschlussannexation of Austria into Nazi Germany in 1938 Austria voted and majority wanted to be a part of GermanyNight of the Long Knives A way to destroy the SA throughout Hitlers ordering of quietly killing Mohm the SA leader and 90 of his closest allies because they represented a corrupting influence according to HitlerKristallnachtnight of broken glass coordinated attacks on Jews throughout GermanyOperation Barbarossa Codename for Nazi Germanys invasion of Soviet Union during WWIIHitlerStalin Pact Part of WWI treaty of nonaggression between USSR and Germany when operation Barbarossa commencesYalta Conference1945 wartime meeting of the heads of government of the United States the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union for the purpose of discussing Europes postwar reorganizationWar Guilt Clause Article in the Treaty of Versailles that placed the blame for World War I on Germany creating bitter resentment among GermansMaastricht Treatyit created the European Union and led to the creation of the single European currency the euro It was signed on 7 February 1992 by the members of the European Community in Maastricht NetherlandsImre Nagy Hungarian communist politician who was appointed Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Peoples Republic of Hungary on two occasionsMussolini was an Italian politician journalist and leader of the National Fascist Party ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 until his ousting in 1943European Union a confederation of twentyseven European states with a single market the successor organization to the European Economic Community ECC organized to reconcile Germany and rest of Europe after WW2 now share currency and parliamentRed Army Started out as the Soviet Unions revolutionary militia during the Russian Civil War of 19181922 It grew into the national army of the Soviet Union largest army in history Redbloodshed by working class in its struggle against capitalismTreaty of Rome Signed by France West Germany Italy and Benelux Belgium the Netherlands and Luxembourg on March 25 1957 established the European Economic Community EEC an independent supranational economic organization The EEC aimed to abolish trade barriers among its membersMarch on Rome was a march by which Italian Dictator Benito Mussolinis National Fascist Party came to power in the Kingdom of Italy The march took place from 22 to 29 October 1922Marshall Plan American aid package offered to Europe and accepted by western Europeans in 1948 to help rebuild Europe establish free trade and stability and combat the appeal of communism rapidly rebuilt Western Europe after WW2 huge successAuschwitzLargest of the Nazi concentration camps a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during the Second World WarVatican II Addressed relations between the Roman Catholic Church and the modern world a reform of the Catholic Church transformed church practices and new way of life for European Catholics 19621965Economic MiracleDescribes the rapid reconstruction and development of the economies of West Germany and Austria after World War IIJan PalachCzech student of history and political economy at Charles University He committed suicide by setting himself on fire as a political protest against the end of the Prague Spring resulting from the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw PactPerestroika Term meaning restructuring part of Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachevs unsuccessful reform program in the late 1980s to decentralize and reform the Soviet economyBeer Hall Putsch was a failed attempt by the Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler with Generalquartiermeister Erich Ludendorff and other Kampfbund leaders to seize power in Munich Bavaria during 89 November 1923 Around twothousand men marched to the center of Munich and in the ensuing confrontation with police forces sixteen Nazis and four policemen were killedSocialism with a Human FaceCoined by Alexander Dubcek of the Czechoslovak Communist Party and referred to a slightly different version of a potential communist state than the Soviets had envisionedone that would place greater emphasis on individuals the human face instead of the state This meant greater freedoms and less oppressive policies with regard to work
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