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Quiz

Spring 2011 (got 93% on the test)

114 Pages
46 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1003
Professor
All

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Description
History1003WhatistheWestandwhyisitcivilizedIWhatsinanameChristianitybeginningwithChristscrucifixionBecomethedominantreligioninEuropeWithChristianitycomesanideologicalTobeWesternistobepartofthisChristiancultureandcommunityTheSplitCatholicvsOrthodoxWesternandEasternChristianityWestin1450LatinChristianRomanCatholicHierarchicalGreatchainofBeingChurchhierarchyPatriarchyGuildsystemThedominanteconomicalsystemLaborunionsforthebossesTheysetwhocouldproducehowmuchtheycouldproduceandatwhatpricetheycouldsellitPoliticallydecentralizedfeudalCommercialoratleastbeginningtobeTheHanseaticLeagueTouringtheWestIEnglandPeterBradfordleftbecauseEnglandwasgoingthroughacivilwarIn1453Englandendedthe100YearsWarwithSpainEnglandlostTherewaspoliticalinstabilityandaweakenedfinancialandeconomicpowerIn1455acivilwarWaroftheRosesbeganItlasted30yearsBradfordsetsailforSpainin1460HisbrotherArthurwenttoDanzigIIDanzigGdanskHeartoftheWestbecauseoftheHanseaticLeagueTheHLhaditsownarmyandnavyItwaslinkedbyriversIIISpaintheIberianPeninsulaBradforddidntlikeSpainbecausethecitiesweretooforeignandtoofamiliarTooforeignbecauseofthelegacyofMuslimruleToofamiliarbecausetwoofthekingdomswerefightingeachotherBradfordcrossedthePyreneesMountainsintoFranceIVFranceAnationalmonarchyTheFrenchkinghadbeenweakenedbythe100YearsWarBradfordtoldhisfatherthatFrancewasawarravishedcountrysohemovedontoGermanyVGermanyCenteredontheHolyRomanEmpireCalledanempirebecausetechnicallytherewasanemperorHoweveritwasacollectionofmanysmallindependentterritoriesItwasunstablebecausetheterritoriesrulerswerereallyinpowerTherewasalwayswarfarebecausewarfareandmarriageweretheonlywaystoexpandyourterritoryAustriaLargestamountofuncontestedterritoryMoststableterritoryinHolyRomanEmpireBradfordlikesAustriabutdecidestogotoItalyratherthanConstantinoplebecauseoftheTurkishWarOttomanIslamicEmpireVIVIIOops3decadesafterPeterBradfordarrivedtheItalianpeninsulawasinvadedbyarmieslasted60years14901550ArthurinDanzigtheHLdisintegratedBradfordchoseadecliningratherthanarisingpoliticalstructureandgeographicalcultureTheyshouldhavechosenanationalmonarchyThesedevelopinnationstatesHowevertheBradfordschosecitystateswhichareeasilyconqueredPowershiftstotheAtlanticstatesratherthantheHLInhindsighttheyshouldhavestayedintheSpanishpeninsulaAlthoughtherewaswarbetweenthekingdomsshortlyafterthisthekingofAragonmarriedthequeenofCastilleThiswouldbethebeginningsofSpainasanationalmonarchyTheyalsocouldhavesettledinFranceFranceactuallyrecoveredfromthewarandtheydominatedtheWestOriftheywerereallysmarttheyshouldhavestayedhomeinEnglandTheWaroftheRoseswaswonbytheTudorsandtheTudorsbecameastrongnationalmonarchyththTheyeventuallydominatedtheWestandtheworldinthe19and20centuriesAlwaysquestionyoursourcesTheBradfordsdidntactuallyexistTheAgeofConfessionalDivisionProtestantvsCatholicITheProtestantReformationOriginallyatermofinsultmeaningthosewhoprotestthReferstowidermovementsofthe16centurythatfracturedthechurchThereisacoreProtestantbeliefsystemJustificationbyfaithaloneJustifymeanstobemaderightintheeyesofGodCatholicteachingsaidyoumusthavejustificationbythechurchSolaScripturatheScripturesalonearetheonlywayyoulearnaboutGod
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