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Department
History
Course
HIST 2057
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
ReconstructionI1WartimeReconstruction186218642PresidentialReconstruction18651866CanSlaverycontinueindefinitelyTheUnionperpetualLincolnwantedtowinthewarbuthedidnotwanttodestroytheoldsouthCongresswantedtotransformthesouthLincolnwantstoabolishslaverybecauseitwouldcrippletheeconomyandbelievedinagradualproclomationplanWartimeReconstructionEmancipationProclamation1863LiberatesslavesthatareinstatesthatareatwarwiththeUniononlyItcrippledthesoutherneconomyLegalizedtheenlistmentoffreedslavesintotheunionarmyProclamationofAmnestyandReconstruction1863knownasLincolnsTenPercentPlanPromised1thepardoningofallconfederatessignedanoathofallegiancetotheusunionarepardonedtheircrimesdoesntincludegovtandmilitaryleaders2recognizesanysouthernstategovernmentprovidingthat10ofthestatesvotersprovideloyaltytothefederalgovernmentthatstatecanholdaconstitutionalconventionandbereadmittedtotheUnionLouisianadidthis3Allconfederatescouldretrievetheirlandthathadbeenconfiscatedbythefederalgovernmentalsogettingtheirpoliticalrightsbackhappensoncetheyreceivepardonsandacceptthefreeingofslaves4Guaranteestheprotectionoflowerrankingconfederatesoldiers5GuaranteestheprosecutionofmilitarysoldiersthatlefttheuniontojointheconfederacyandsoldiersthatkilledandtorturedUnionsoldierswhiteorblacktheyaredeniedamnestyModeratePlanLincolnwantstopleasesouthernersandpreservetheunionLincolnstermsdonotpunishtheconfederatesLincolnstermsdonothingforAfricanAmericansbesidesfreethemCongressdisagreeswithLincolnsplansBelievesthatheisbeingtoeasyonthesouthTheywanttopunishthesouthTheseguysarecalledRadicalRepublicansTheyopposeLincolnsplanTheyfavoramoreaggressiveapproachTheywanttopassadditionallegislationtoprotectthesefreedslavesWadeDavisBillCongressmanBenjaminWadeHenryWinterDavisproposeaverydifferentplanUnderthisBillreconstructioncouldnotbeginuntilamajorityofstatesvoterssworeanallegiancetotheUSThenewconstitutionofthesestateswouldhavetorenouncebothslaveryandsuccessionanddisenfranchiseallConfederateleadersveryradicalCongressalsowantstoappointnewmilitarygovernmentstoallstatesBillguaranteedfulllegalandcivilrightstoAfricanAmericansincludingvotingrightsLincolnrefusedtosignthisbill1Emancipationandthenwhat2Afreelaborsystem3TheFreedmensBureauPresidentialReconstruction18651867AndrewJohnsonnewpresidentFromtheSouthBorninpovertyhatedwealthySouthernSlaveownersBelievedSouthwasatfaultforthewarMoreLenientthanLincolnHoldssamebeliefsasLincolnwantstopreservetheUnionProposesanewPlan1AllConfederateswhotookanoathofloyaltytotheUnionwouldbepardonedandgettheirlandbackthisonlyexcludedhighrankingmilitaryleaders2HenamedprovisionalgovernorstothesecededstatesandtoldthemtoorganizeconstitutionalconventionssotheycouldbereadmittedtotheUniontheycoulddosoiftheyabolishedslavery3HeleftoutanyprovisionforblackvotingorparticipationinpoliticshedidnothingtoprotectthecivilrightsofformalslavesViolencespreadsacrosstheSouthandlawmakerstrytoregaincontrolovertheformerslavesTheoldslaveowningmenareinchargeagainthereforwantingtoregaincontrolovertheformerslavesBlackCodesLawmakersinsouthcreatethisAversionofoldslavecodesaremeanttolimitthecivilrightsandlibertiesoftheAfricanAmericansDifferentineverysouthernstateAllfreedmenhavetosignlaborcontractsFreedmencouldntownlandFreedmenaccusedofvagrancycouldbesentencedtohardlaboronchaingangsStatescouldforcedorphanedchildrenandputthemintoapprenticeshipsslaveryWhitescouldphysicallyabuseFreedmanwithoutfearofPunishmentRememberatleasttwooftheabovepointsJohnsontellsCongresstogivebacklandtotheSouthernersthatowneditJohnsonreadmittedall11ConfederatestatesbackintotheUnionby1865DeclaresreconstructionoverCongressClasheswithJohnsonTheywantamoreactivegovernmentinthesouthTheyformtheJointCommitteeonReconstructioninordertofightJohnsonCongressisstillabletooverridesomeofJohnsonsvitosFreedmensBureauBillExtendedthelifeoftheagencyIncreaseditsauthoritytohelpfreedmenCongressisabletovetoJohnsonandcreatethisTheCivilRightsActof1866FirsttimethattheFederalGovernmentintervenedinthestatesUnderthisactAfricanAmericansreceivedequalrightsReceivedcitizenshipsSafeguardedtheircivillibertiesGrantscitizenshiptoAfricanAmericansSafeguardstheircivillibertiesTheFourteenthAmendmentProposedtosafeguardtherightsofFreedmalesDidnotnecessarilygivetherighttovotetoblacksbutitpunishedthesouthfortryingtopreventthemfromvotingSafeguardstheircivilrightsStatesdenyingblackvoteseetheircongressionalrepresentationreducedFridayAugust24thPresidentialReconstructioncontinued18651867TheSouthFightsBackRiotsKuKluxKLan1866foundedbyNathanBedfordForrestNeedforRadicalChangeReconstructionIIRadicalReconstructionoFirstReconstructionAct1867oMilitaryReconstructionActCongressplacesthesouthundermilitaryrulesalsodividesthesouthinto5militarydistrictsEachdistrictisgovernedbyauniongeneralThispersonisresponsibleforrestoringcommandandjusticeWhatsorderhasbeenreinstatedtheycanvoteallmalesbothwhiteandblackcanvoteiftheywanttocomebacktotheunionoTenureofOfficeActCongresstriestolimitthepowerofthepresidentPreventsthepresidentsfromremovingrepublicanofficialsoCommandofArmyActCongressalsotriestolimitthepowerofthepresidentMilitaryorderswenttoacommandinggeneralnottothepres
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