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Nutrition and Food Services
NFS 1049
All Professors

THE SCIENCE OF FOODSINTRODUCTIONWhat is Food ScienceFood Science is the discipline in which biology physical sciencesengineering are used to study the nature of foods the causes of their deterioration and the principles underlying food processing Institute of Food Technologists IFTWhat is Food TechnologyFood Technology is the application of food science to the selection preservation processing packaging distribution and use of safe nutritious and wholesome food IFTWhat is NutritionNutrition is defined as the nutrients and other substances in food their action interaction and balance in relation to health and disease and the processes by which the organism body ingests digests absorbs transports utilizes and excretes food substances American Medical AssociationWhat is the DifferenceNutritionDeals with the effects of foods in the person who consumesFood ScienceFocuses on the changes in foods during processing distribution storage and usageWhat Does A Food Scientist DoA Food Scientist studies the physical microbiological and chemical makeup of foodDepending on their area of specialization food scientists may develop ways to process preserve package or store food according to industry and government specifications and regulationsFood ProcessingFood Processing is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food for consumptionExamples of food processing methods include Chopping Mixing Homogenizing Cooking Pasteurizing Emulsifying and SpraydryingFood PreservationFood Preservation is the process of treating and handling food in such a way as to stop or greatly slow down spoilage to prevent foodborne illness and extend its shelflife Food processing methods that are used to preserve foods
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