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Political Science 1001 Exam 2 Study Guide

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Political Science
POLI 1001
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Political Science 1001 Examination 21What is general justice Fairness or reasonableness especially in the way people are treated or decisions are made the legal system or the act of applying or upholding the law2What is distributive justiceRetributive justice Distributive the nature of a socially just allocation of goods in a society available quantities of goods the process by which goods are to be distributed and the resulting allocation of the goods to the members of society Retributive a theory of justice that considers punishment if proportionate to be the best response to crime when an offender breaks the law they thereby forfeit their rights of something of equal value3According to Aristotle what is a constitution The arrangement of offices in a state4Define empirical and normative Normative statements are ought should our country is the best country in the world while empirical statements are is our country has the highest standards of living in the world5How does Aristotle classify constitutions First based on whether the government stands for the common good true or good constitutions or if they are perverted or deviant ones that only aim for the wellbeing of only a part of the city second he sorts constitutions according to the number of those who participate in the offices magistracies one few or many6What are the good and bad effects of property in Aristotles view He feels it is best to have private property but that it should be used for the common good and not bad purposes every man desires ownership in selflove so it is good to give it to him but too much selflove is not a good thing7According to Aristotle what is necessary to achieve social stability in a polity Balance rich and poor to create a large stable middle class balance economic interest give each class a role in government but deny each class dominance 8What is a mixed constitution a balance of social class each class having a different role mix of oligarchy and democracy when constitution is created large number of people able to participate complex require highly sophisticated economics and governance9What is the difference between power and authority Power is having the skill and knowledge to do a task but authority is the permission to do the act the president is very powerful and has skills to do things but cannot pass legislation because he does not have the authority to do so10What are Euripides favorite themes Insight into human psychology sympathetic portrayal of womenheroines open questioning of the gods philosophical arguments11Who is HecubaPolymestorPolydorusPolyxenaCassandraAgamemnonOdysseus Hecuba was the queen of Troy before it was sacked and mother of Polydorus Polyxena and Cassandra shes the main character of the play who is so tormented she seeks revenge Polymestor is the King of Thrace who agrees to take Polydoras and some gold but keeps the gold and kills Polydoras Polyxena is the daughter that is sacrificed by the Greeks to the ghost of Achilles Cassandra is the daughter that is taken as a concubine by Agamemnon and is prophesized to die at the hands of his wife Agamemnon is the Greek king that sacked Troy took Cassandra and agreed to let Hecuba plot her revenge by allowing her to invite Polymestor to be killed Odysseus was asked by Hecuba to allow her daughter to live since he owed Hecuba his life but he wouldnt allow it12What is a nomos Greek concept that means law custom to ask of a society What has authority13What destroys the nomos of Hecubas world The death of her son Polydorus14What is Hecubas new nomos Solidarity and revenge She has no regard for community or friendship She uses everyone Mother love transformed into pure revenge kills innocent children justice is a matter of personal judgment15What does the play Hecuba teach us about civilization Goodness is fragility of civilization humanness and human character and how easy a civilization can be destroyed16What is nature vs nurture and what is its relevance in the play Hecuba Are you who you are because of genes or because of who raised you natural universe ethical in nature that will support human stability Conventional universe that will teach ethical traditions
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