[PSYC 2000] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (28 pages long)

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7 Feb 2017
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PSYC 2000
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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PSYCH 2000: MOEN 1
Chapter 1: The Science of Psychology
Psychology is full of myths
o You only use 10% of your brain.
Correct: You use 100% of your brain, 100% of the time.
William James is the founder of the idea that we only use 10% of
the brain. He actually said we use 10% of our potential.
What is Psychology?
o The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Psholog’s Four Goals [cat example]
1. Description
What is happening?
2. Explanation
Why is it happening?
3. Prediction
Will it happen again?
4. Control
How can it be changed?
f (History of Psychology)
o Wilhel Wudt’s psholog laorator
Germany in 1879
Objective introspection [KNOW]
Eaiig oe’s o osious reatios
o Edward Titchener
Brought structuralism to America
o Margaret Washburn
Titheer’s studet
1st woman to earn a Ph.D. in psychology (1894, Cornell)
o Structuralism died out in the early 1900s.
Functionalism
How the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play
o William James
Considered the Father of Modern Psychology; had the first labatory in US
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PSYCH 2000: MOEN 2
o Influenced the modern fields of:
Educational psychology
Evolutionary psychology
Industrial/organizational psychology
o Mary Whiton Calkins
Denied Ph.D. from Harvard because she was a woman
Mary has petitioned to get her Ph.D. multiple time, but denied all.
o African Americans and early psychology
Francis Summer, PhD in 1920
Kenneth and Mamie Clark
Brown vs. Board of Education (1954)
Gestalt Psychology
o The whole is more than the sum of the parts
o Founder: Wertheimer
Studied sensation and perception
o Now part of cognitive psychology
Focuses on perception, learning, memory,
though processes, and problem solving
Psychoanalysis
o Freud’s patiets suffered fro erous disorders ith o apparet phsial
cause (mostly woman crying, fainting, unrealistic thoughts, etc.)
Focus on unconscious (unaware) mind
We repress threatening urges and desires
All men/women want to have sex with their mother/father
Repressed urges are trying to resurfaces creates nervous disorders
Due to early childhood (traumatic) experiences
Ex: Ride through Taco Bell on a unicorn = Want Taco Bell and want
to hae se ith uior…
Behaviorism
o Behaviorism
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