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Ch 5_

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Louisiana State University
PSYC 2000

Chapter 5 States of ConsciousnessConsciousness awareness of carious cognitive processes such as sleeping dreaming concentrating and making decisions aWaking consciousness all thoughts feelings and perceptions that occur when we are awake and reasonably alertbAltered states of consciousness mental state that differs noticeable fromnormal waking consciousnessIExplaining waking consciousnessaFirst consciousness was psychologys primary concernthbFell out of favor in early 20 century Focus on directly observable measurable behaviorcChange in 1960s alternative states of consciousness rise in cognitive psychology advances in neuroscience dissatisfaction with behaviorism IIConsciousness and Nonconsciousness aCommon view consciousness is only a small peak emerging from a mass of unconscious mental activitybFreud sexual and aggressive instincts that remain largely hiddencNonconscious not in conscious thoughts ex Your first grade teacher is not in you conscious unless brought updCognitive psychologists see consciousness as first person element of information processing sense of selfeTogether different brain centers provide the self with an overall orientationfUsually work independently and nonconsciouslygWhen something new unusual or unexpected occurs one or more of brain divisions enter consciousness IIIConsciousness and Adaptation many of todays psychologist view consciousness as highly adaptive aPinker consciousness is anecessary element of human sociabilitybOur survival depends on how we get along with others being able to work towards common goals IVDaydreaming and FantasyaJames Thurbers The Secret Life of Walter MittybDaydreams apparently effortless shifts in attention away from hereandnow into a private world of makebelieve cUrge to daydream comes in waves about every 90 minutes peaking between 12 and 2 pm dAverage person spends almostof waking hours fantasizing eMost daydreams are variations on a central theme unfulfilled wishes and goalsfTypes of DaydreamsiPositive pleasant playful entertaining scenarios iiNegative extremely achievementoriented people recurring themes of frustration guilt fear of failure and hostility
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