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Final Study Guide

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Louisiana State University
PSYC 2017

PSYCH 2017 Final Study GuideResearch EthicsThe relationship between society and scienceoWithout society psychology would not existoBecause psychology relies on a positive relationship with society we must respect societys laws and moresoWe must also attempt to remain objective observers of societyoFunding from national governments also affects the decision of researchersProfessional ethicsoResearch misconduct the fabrication falsifying or plagiarizing the proposing performing reviewing or reporting of research resultsoWhen one of us is involved the entire group loses the trust of societyoProfessional ethics extend to more seemingly minor offensesCovering up data that could contradict your theoryChanging the design methodology or interpretation of results to make a funding source happyNot following human participant requirements carefullyPreventing scientific misconductoChecks and balances in the laboMake sure the experimenters are trained in what constitutes scientific misconduct and how they will be monitored for such behavioroCollaborations can lead to greater responsibility on the individual to avoid misconductoKeep careful records of dates times and consent forms for each participantoBalance in research designTreatment of research participantsoRespect for persons and their autonomyIssue of consentFor normal casesFor special populations children MRoBeneficence and nonmaleficenceBeneficence doing goodNonmaleficence not doing badoJusticeIf a drug is found successful it should be given to the placebo group after the study is overJustice is often achieved by random assignmentoTrustTelling participants that their name wont be given outPrivacy rulesoFidelity and scientific integrity3 areas of the experiment that affect treatment of participants the mostoInformationConsent when a person is in the right mind or of age to consentActive consent respond if you will allow itPassive consent only respond if you dont allow itAssent when a person or child can write his or her own nameGiven to a child or those who dont have the mental capacity to make the decision on their own
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