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Chapter 9 Prejudice

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PSYC 2040
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Prejudice Chapter 9Prejudice PrejudiceDefining PrejudicePreconceived negative judgment of a group and its individual membersIndividual members are judge solely on their group membership Beliefs about the personal attributes of a group of peopleSupported by stereotypesTypes of PrejudiceRacismPrejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given race Sexism Prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given sexComponents of PrejudiceTwo components of PrejudiceCognitive Componentthe attitudeStereotypeBehavioral Componentthe behaviorDiscriminationStereotypes Cognitive ComponentDefining Stereotype A generalization about a group of people in which identical characteristics are assigned to virtually all members of the group regardless of actual variation among the members Can be either positive negative or neutral A type of cognitive shortcutheuristic Stereotypes aredo not necessarily EmotionalLead to discriminationFalsely foundedExample of a StereotypeGender StereotypeWomen are seen as more nurturing and less assertive than men Evolutionary psychologists argue that the difference is due to a basis in the behaviors required for reproductive successStereotype that has some basis of truthDiscrimination Behavioral ComponentDefining DiscriminationAn unjustified negative or harmful actin towards a member of a group simply because of his or her membership in that groupInducing PrejudiceReal World ExperimentSchool teacher Jane Elliott Divided her class according to eye color Blue and Brown
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