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PSYC 2076
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PSYCH 2076 notestest 4 notesChapter 11 Identity The Self Gender and Moral Development1Differentiated SelfThe understanding that one can show different characteristics in different situations but that these differences are all part of a unitary whole2Delay of GratificationThe ability to wait until later in order to get something desirable3Conduct DisorderA persistent pattern of behavior marked by violation of the basic rights of others or of major ageappropriate social norms or rules4Effortful ControlThe ability to consciously control ones behavior5Perceptual role taking The ability to see things from someone elses perspective6Preconvention moral judgmentMoral reasoning that is marked by selfinterest and motivation based on rewards and punishments7Postconventional and moral judgmentindependently formed moral judgments that are based on universal principles that apply to all people8Oppositional defiant disorderA persisting pattern of behavior marked by defiant disobedient and hostile behavior toward authority figures9Autonomous morality stageWhen children are aware of the rules and realize that they must adhere to them in order to maintain their interaction with others rather than because an adult has told them what to do10Identity achievementthe choice of an identity following exploration of the possibilities11Identity DiffusionA lack interest in developing an identity12MoratriumA time of exploration in search of identity with no commitment made yet13Heteronomous moralityMoral judgments based on the dictates of authority14Foreclosurecommitment to an identity without any exploration of possibilities15Autobiographical memoryA coherent set of memories about ones life16Self esteemhow people feel about characteristics they associate with themselves17Self esteem movementschoolbased programs designed to boost students selfesteem with the goal of eventually improving their academic performance18Social comparisonThe process of comparing oneself to others19Ideal selfthe characteristics one aspires to have in the future20Gender constancythe understanding that ones gender remains constant even with external changes21Gender identitystage when childrens concept of gender relies on external appearance22Gender stabilityStage when children understand that their gender is constant over time but dont understand that gender doesnt change even if they do activities usually performed by the other gender23Gender intensificationThe idea that gender differences in behavior attitudes and psychological characteristics become greater in early adolescence than they were in childhood
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