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Midterm

Exam 2 (aced the test and got 96%)

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3082
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Exam 2 NotesChapter 4 Continued Anxiety DisordersPosttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD An Overview Criterion A The person must have been exposed to a traumatic eventoUsually they try to block this outoSome examples are war Katrina victim of rape other violent crime bad car accident etc they are wide rangingCriterion B Person continues to reexperience the event oMemories nightmares flashbacks etcCriterion C Avoidance of cues that serve as reminders of the traumatic eventCriterion C Emotional numbing and interpersonal problems are common Criterion D Physiological hyperarousal oOften have episodes similar to panic attacks but a lower grade often have trouble sleeping are overly cautious and aware of surroundings hypervigilence have overexaggerated startle response etcPTSD diagnosis cannot be made earlier than 1 month posttraumaMarkedly interferes with ones ability to functionDont need to know exactly criteria A B C etc just be familiar with themPTSD Causes and Associated FeaturesCombat and sexual assault are the most common traumas About 78 of population meet criteria for PTSDTrauma can change the physical and chemical makeup of ones brainSubtypes oAcute PTSDDuration of symptoms is 13 monthsoChronic PTSDDuration of symptoms is over 3 monthsoDelayed Onset PTSDOnset of symptoms is 6 months or more posttraumaAcute Stress Disorder oSame symptoms as PTSD but diagnosed within first month posttraumaoImportance of dissociation Causes of PTSDoIntensity of the trauma and ones reaction to itoUncontrollability and unpredictabilityoExtent of social support after posttraumaoDirect conditioning and observational learningoIf you are genetically predisposed to anxiety disorders then you are more likely to develop PTSD after a traumatic eventPTSD TreatmentsPsychological Treatments of PTSDoCognitiveBehavior Therapies CBT are highly effective and generally involve exposure to avoided stimuli as well as cognitive reprocessingProlonged ExposureCognitive Processing Therapy Person is repeatedly exposed to memories of the event not the actual eventFor example you may reenact it with dolls for childrenEMDR Controversial form of exposureoCSID Crisis Intervention Stress Debriefingcontraindicated When a group of individuals who experienced the same event come together and talk Best thing to do is not talk literally about the event but rather give them warning signs of PTSD in a positive wayObsessive Compulsive Disorder OCDOverview and Defining FeaturesoObsessionsIntrusive and nonsensical thoughts images or urges that one tries to resist or eliminate thoughtsoCompulsionsThoughts or actions to suppress the thoughts and provide reliefritualsoMost persons with OCD present with cleaning and washing or checking ritualsAbout 26 of general population meet criteriaMost diagnosed are femalesOnset is typically in early adolescence OCD tends to be chronicCausesoParallel the other anxiety disordersoEarly life experiences and learning that some thoughts are dangerous unacceptableoThoughtAction FusionTendency to view the thought as being similarly as bad as doing the actionTreatmentsoMedication Treatment of OCDClomipramine and other SSRIs seem to benefit up to 60 of patientsRelapse is common with medication discontinuation
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