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Exam 3 Study Guide

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PSYC 3083
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Test 3 PSYC3083KunenSpring 2013115 questions on classical and operant conditions how fears are acquired and maintained punishment extinction reinforcement Wolpe and systematic Desensitization Time out29 questions on CBT know model of what leads to dysfunctional behaviors selfefficacy characteristics of depressive thinking automatic thoughts thinking errors such as mind reading exaggeration catastrophizing polarization 36 questions on existential therapy what considers to be important to address Yaloms theory other famous theorists in existential philosophy49 questions on ForensicsFrye and Daubert Bennett Criteria competency to stand trial sanity evaluation dangerousness assessment psychological autopsies malingeringdissimulation 511 questions on biologicalmedical aspectsrole of health psychologists primary and secondary gain Complianceadherence issues SSRIsTricyclicsMAOIs what they are how they workproblems characteristics of psychosisschizophrenia oClassical Conditioning primitive reflexive elicitedprevious neutral stimulus acquires response through association with a stimulus that already has a similar response PavlovPrinciplesHigherorder conditioning Money does not have value to a child they are taught through allowance or play moneyStimulus generalizationstimuli similar to CS may create similar responsesExample child learns to respect police in uniform now respects firemen in uniformStimulus discriminationlearn to inhibit responses to similar stimuli dog comes to owners whistle not strangerExtinctionnonreinforced response results in disappearance of response conditioned stimulus is no longer paired with unconditioned stimulusSpontaneous recoverydishabituation burst of responses of old behavior indicating that the subject has not unlearned the behaviorThe longer the resistance to extinction the more powerful the learningHabituationrepeated exposure results in NO RESPONSEoOperantConditioning instrumental learning voluntary behaviors emittedresponses are more or less likely to occur depending on consequences Skinner1Test 3 PSYC3083KunenSpring 2013Thorndikes Law of EffectBehavior that is followed by satisfying state of affairs is likely to be repeatedSkinners BoxWork with rat only when it is hungry hungry when motivated like patients must be motivated seek help to be helpedRat clicks when hungryway of learning environmentTeach rat how to walk figure 8This is shapingreinforcing consecutive estimates of desired responsesbroken down into componentsGoal achieve each step easy with few failuresReinforcement vs PunishmentNeutral consequence neither increases or decreases probability that response will recurReinforcers causePrimary inherently reinforcing satisfy physiological needSecondary acquired reinforcing properties through association with other primary reinforcersReinforcement effectstrengthens response more likely to occur Positive Reinforcementconsequence makes response more likely to occurresponseNegative Reinforcement is followed by avoidance or removal of stimulus frequency goes up Schedules of ReinforcementContinuousIntermittent Partialresponse is not always reinforcedfixed ration variable ratio maintains behavior at the highest Finterval Vinterval 2
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