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Midterm

Test 2 Notes Class 1 And 2 (Got A+ on the test)

18 pages86 viewsWinter 2013

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3083
Professor
All
Study Guide
Midterm

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Test 2 Notes
9/30/13
slide 123
Testing Origins
-Major contribution to child psyc was development of assessment instructions
-Binet and IQ test developed in 1904
-Binet – Simon test translated into the now called Stanford – Binet IQ test by Lewis
Terman in 1916
-Projective testing tries to get at unconscious thoughts.. it is rare that someone does the
assessment and the treatment /therapy
-An assessment may be done at any stage of therapy because maybe when you first started
therapy the person seems fine but later down the road they begin to show signs of
different issues or actually develop issues.
Different Projective Tests:
-Rorschach- 10 inkblots – describe the inkblot and what it might be. Good for picking up
severe pathology like schizo. or delusions
-TAT( Thematic Apperception Test) - 31 cards and patient picks 10 and has to make a
story with a beginning, middle, and end. It is interpreted by what the patient is thinking
and feeling and can be a very revealing test. It shows depression
-Drawing- Draw a person, house, etc… By analyzing the method in which the patient
drew the object desired then you can figure out unconscious issues. Good with children.
Exp: if you ask a patient to draw a house and there are little or no windows the patient
could be trying to hide something or ask to draw a tree and it has no roots then the patient
may feel disconnected to the world.
Assessment
-MMPI- II – it is the most widely used personality test in the world and second only to
WAIS – III in frequency of use
-MMPI has several validity scales including a L scale (fake good), F scale (fake bad), K
scale (defensive) & inconsistency scale. It is unbeatable (meaning you cannot just put
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whatever down on the test because it will show an inconsistency through your answers
and show that the patient was faking some responses by asking the same question in
many different forms.
-10 clinical scales and numerous content area scales
Clinical Scales
1) HS Hypochondriasis- physical complaints
2) D Depression- sad hopelessness
3) Hy Hysteria- repression and denial as defenses, emotionally over-reactive
4) Pd Psychopathic Deviate- family conflict, antisocial, impulsive, authority problems
5) Mf Masculinity-Femininity- traditional vs. non-traditional interests
6) Pa Paranoia- suspicious, hostile, aloof
7) Pt Psychasthenia -OCD, phobic, anxious
8) Sc Schizophrenia -unconventional, unusual thoughts
9) Ma Hypomania -impulsive, energetic, impulsive, racing thoughts
10) Si Introversion- non-social
MMPI-II Content Scales
Es - Ego Strength Scale
OH – Over Controlled Hostility Scale
MAC-R -MacAndrews Alcoholism Scale
Do - Dominance Scale
APS - Addictions Potential Scale
Es - Ego Strength Scale
OH – Over Controlled Hostility Scale
MAC-R -MacAndrews Alcoholism Scale
Do - Dominance Scale
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APS - Addictions Potential Scale
AAS - Addictions Acknowledgement Scale
SOD - Social Discomfort Scale
A - Anxiety Scale
R - Repression Scale
TPA Type A Scale
MDS Marital Distress Scale
Assessment
Vocational assessment: Myers-Briggs and Strong Vocational Interest
Strong matches your interests to those of successful people in different occupations.
Better predicts what fields you won’t go into!
Non-verbal tests: TONI, Raven’s Progressive Matrices
IQ: Stanford-Binet, Wechsler
Parenting: CAP, PSI, AAPI
Delinquency proneness: Jessness
Tests for Malingering: Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms, Test of Memory
Malingering
Reliabiltiy & Validity
Reliability = Repeatability. Depends on time frame.
Test reliability: test-retest (using correlation); split-half, KR20 or Coefficient α
Inter-rater reliability: intra-class correlation, Co-efficient Alpha or Kappa
Validity = general issue of whether the test is measuring what it supposed to measure.
Many types of validity:
1) Predictive (criterion related) validity: What does test predict?
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