Study Guides (238,653)
United States (119,867)
Psychology (663)
PSYC 4030 (41)
All (40)

Study Guide Exam 2

12 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 4030

Study Guide ExamThinking and Decision Making Fall2012 Dr LaneProblem Solving Lecture 1What are the components of the IDEAL problem solving framework aIdentify the problembDefine and represent the problemcExplore possible strategiesdAct on the strategieseLook back and evaluate the results2How does the two trains problem highlight the importance of problem representation 3What are set effects and how was this demonstrated in Luchins 1942 water jug problem aWhen youre familiar solving a problem one way and when you come upon a problem that needs to be solved differently you still use the familiar wayeven if there is a simpler way to solve it4What is functional fixedness aWhen you only think of using objects their practical way instead of using them differentlycreatively to solve a problem Cognition MemoryThinking 1What are the 3 systems that make up LTM according to Tulving aEpisodicSpecific events and experiencesbSemanticGeneric Knowledge of world factscProceduralHow to perform an action2What is the difference between availability and accessibility aAvailabilityinformation is stored somewhere throughout your brain May not always be able to recall it at any given momentbAccessibilityCan access information at any particular time3Distinguish between the major types of memory tests on the basis of the cues that are provided to participants aRecognitionbCuedcFree Recall4What are the characteristics of STMWorking memory What components make up Baddeleys model aSTMWorking MemoryiLimited capacityiiInformation lost within 2030 seconds if not rehearsediiiGenerally corresponds to conscious awarenessbBaddeleys ModeliPhonological loopprocesses acoustic and verbal informationiiVisuospatial sketchpadprocess visualspatial informationiiiCentral Executivemanages the use of information a decisionmaking componentivEpisodic Bufferstores multidimensional information integrated across modalities5What are the implications of the ShivFedorikhin 1999 study aParticipants were twice as likely to pick the chocolate cake in the high memory load condition therefore High working memory load makes it harder to resist temptation or to have selfcontrol 6What are proactive and retroactive interference How are these effects tested aProactive Interference Earlier learning interferes with later learning
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 4030

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.