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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 4030
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Exam1StudyGuideAchievingGoals1WhatarethemajorcomponentsofselfregulationwithrespecttolearningandachievementSelfregulationhelpspeoplebeabletowiselysetgoalsmonitorprogressaccuratelyavoidobstaclesorproblemsolvearoundthemmanagetimeandlearnfromexperienceandapplyitinthefuture2WhatarecommonreasonspeoplefailtoachievetheirgoalsWhatisaffectiveforecastingPeopleoftenfailtothinkaboutwhytheywanttoachievetheirgoalshavedifficultypredictingthefuturestructuretheirgoalspoorlyanddontmeasuretheirprogressordosopoorlyAffectiveforecastingispredictinghowfutureoutcomeswillmakeyoufeelPeopleconsistentlyincorrectlypredicthowsomethingwillmakethemfeel3WhatismentalsimulationandhowisitusefulWhatisanimplementationintentionandwhyisithelpfulMentalsimulationiswhenyouimaginegoingthroughtheprocessofachievingagoalThisisusefulbecauseitforcesyoutothinkthroughhowyouwillsolveyourproblemandmayhelptheanticipationofproblemsandemotionalreactionsImplementationintentionsspecifywhenwhereandhowsomethingwillbeaccomplishedIthelpstoensurepersistenceinthefaceofdistractionandobstacles4HowdoyoumakesomethingahabitWhyisconstancyandmoderationsoimportanttoachievementHabitscomefrompracticingsomethingoverandoveragainConstancyandmoderationhelpsyouworktowardyourgoalinbitesizedchunksensuresregularprogresswithoutburnoutandhelpsyoufeelyouvedoneenougheachday5WhatiscontingencymanagementWhyisfeedbacksoimportantContingencymanagementinvolvessettingapriorityprinciplelikedoingacertaintaskbeforesomevaluedactivityandholdingyourselfaccountablewithapenaltyifyoufailtocompletethetaskFeedbackinvolvesdiscoveringwhatsworkingandwhatsnotfromotherspeerscanprovideideasfordealingwithobstaclesorsimplyprovidesupportforgoal6DistinguishbetweenagrowthmindsetandafixedmindsetCanyouchangeapersonsmindsetandifsohowGrowthmindsetmeansthatyouseeintelligenceasmalleablesomethingyoucangetbetteratThegoalistoincreasecompetenceFixedmindsetmeansthatyouseeintelligenceasfixedyoueitherhaveitoryoudontThegoalistogainpositiveevaluationandavoidnegativejudgmentsaboutyourcompetence7WhatmightbethelongtermconsequencesofadoptingeachmindsetGrowthmindsetconsequencesincludethetendencytochoosemorechallengingtaskswithincreasedpersistencepeoplearewillingtorisklookingfoolishinordertoacquireskillsFixedmindsetconsequencesincludethetendencytoselecteasiergoalsthatshowcompetencewithdecreasedpersistencethatmayleadtoapatternofavoidanceLearningPrinciples1WhyisthemetaphoroftheemptyvesselnotanappropriatedescriptionoflearningBecauselearningdoesnthappenthiswaywebringourownknowledgetoeachsituationandthisimpactswhatandhowquicklywelearnWeareactiveprocessorsnotpassiverecipientsnoonecanmakeuslearn2DefineencodingretrievalandelaborationDistinguishbetweenworkingmemoryandlongtermmemory
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