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PSYC 4030
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NewLectureFINALSecrets of the Psychics Video1How did James Randi demonstrate to the college students that they could be fooled by individualized horoscopesGiven a horoscope that was individual to each personAsked them to grade them for accuracy 15 all gave it 45sthen asked all students to trade horoscopes ended up all the horoscopes where exactly the same2What did James Randi demonstrate about how psychic surgery could be performed3What did James Randi point out what was wrong with the design of previous parapsychology experiments carried out by the Russian scientists This is the section where a psychic attempts to affect the blood pressure or brain waves of someone in another roomRandi pointed out that the scientists had a confirmation bias going in to the experiment They figured that their observation was not objective and cannot measure through electrochemical impulses They did not do a doubleblind study which was needed Emotion and DecisionMaking Lecture4What are the typical characteristics of emotionEmotion A complex concept and there is much disagreement ab precisely how to define it However there are aof concepts that are commonly used to describe emotionsaTypically accompanied by physiological changesbOften involve a subjective feelingcAre sometimes accompanied by physical facial expression that is unique to that emotiondMay give rise to associated thoughts or be shaped by cognitions emotions may trigger thoughtscognitionemotion can influence each other5Distinguish between primary and secondary emotionsPrimary emotions thought of as universal and innateoIncludes the big 6 happiness sadness fear surprise angerdisgustSecondary emotions more complex and likely to be acquired or learnedoOptimism love humiliation hope6What aspects distinguish between emotional statesTimeoEmotions short seconds minutes joy fear angeroMoods long hours days monthscheerful depressesDegree of DifferenceoAffective states nondifferentiatedApproachAvoidance behaviorsoPrimary Emotions joy sadness fear angerTriggering by more universal cues relatively fixed responses and low level of cognitive involvementoSecondary or Complex Emotions pride guilt shameTriggering cues more idiosyncratic cues r diff for each person relatively flexible responses and higher level of cognitive
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