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PSYC 4030 Study Guide 2 Revised

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PSYC 4030
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Study Guide Exam 2 Thinking and DecisionMaking Fall 2013 Dr MartinProblem Solving Lecture What are the components of the IDEAL problem solving frameworkIIdentify the problemDDefine and represent the problemEExplore possible strategiesAAct on the strategiesLLook back and evaluate resultsHow does the two trains problem highlight the importance of problem representationRepresenting it the right way makes the problem a very simple oneWhat are set effects and how was this demonstrated in Luchins 1942 water jug problemSubjects who practiced on the first 5 problems solved similar way was primed to set on a certain strategy so that when they went to 8 many of them failed to solve the problem which required a different approachHowever subjects who went straight to 8 were very often able to solve itWhat is functional fixednessRepresenting objects in terms of their typical usedont see novel uses for objectsCognition MemoryThinking What are the 3 systems that make up LTM according to TulvingEpisodicspecific events and experiencesSemanticgeneric knowledge of the world or just factsProceduralhow to perform an actionWhat is the difference between availability and accessibilityAvailabilityinformation in memory deals with storageAccessibilitycan access information at particular point in time deals with retrievalDistinguish between the major types of memory tests on the basis of the cues that are provided to participantsRecognition Test most specific cuesShow a photo ask if the individual has been seen aroundCued Recall What is the definition for this wordFree RecallWhat did you do last nightvery vague cuesWhat are the characteristics of STMWorking memory What components make up Baddeleys modelSTMWorking MemorySTMSingle limited capacity store allows rehearsal of informationWorking Memorymulticomponent system supports different activitiesBaddeleys Model1Phonological Loopacousticverbal information2Visuospatial Sketchpadvisualspatial information3Central Executivemanages use of information decisionmaking component4Episodic Bufferstores multidimensional information integrated across modalitiesWhat are proactive and retroactive interference How are these effects testedProactive Interferencepast lesson interfere with later learningRetroactive Interferencenew learning interfere with past lessonsHow is it testedWhat is reconsolidation and what are its implications for memoryReconsolidation is reactivation of a memory memories can be made unstable through reactivationIn what way is remembering constructive How is our memory different from a tape recorder
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