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Study Guide 2

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PSYC 4030
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StudyGuideExam2ThinkingandDecisionMakingspring2013DrLaneProblem Solving LectureWhat are the components of the IDEAL problem solving frameworkIdentify the problem define and represent the problem explore possible strategies act on the strategies look back and evaluate resultsHow does the twotrainsproblemhighlight the importance of problem representationWhat are set effects and how was this demonstrated in Luchins 1942 water jug problemProblem solvers biased by their experience They ignore easer ways to fix the problem they favor the familiar ways Effect can be reduced dont be blindWhat is functional fixednessRepresenting objects in terms of their typical use and not seeing novel uses MacGyverCognition MemoryThinkingWhat are the 3 systems that make up LTM according to TulvingEpisodic specific events and experiences Semantic general knowledge Procedural how to perform an actionWhat is the difference between availability and accessibilityAvailableinformation in memory stored and accessible can access information at a particular timeDistinguish between the major types of memory tests on the basis of the cues that are provided to participantsRecognition test pictures are shown and then new ones are added and you respond new or old Cued recall chairicecream then shown chair and expected to produce ice cream Free recall tell me what you rememberWhat are the characteristics of STMWorking memory What components make up Baddeleys model
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