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Final Study Guide

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PSYC 4032
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PSYC 4032 Final Study Guide1Describe the assumptions characteristics and goals of scienceAssumptionsRealism Objects and events exist outside of our perception of themDeterminism Events have a preceding causeRegularity Phenomena exist in recurring patterns that conform with universal lawsCharacteristics Empirical Based upon experience or observation as opposed to logic authority or intuitionObjective Focus on events that can be observed by at least 2 peopleTentative No theory claims to have the whole truthSelfCorrecting Beliefs and opinions can be changed based upon new dataParsimonious A theory will not be adopted until all simpler explanations have been ruled out Progressive A cumulative increase in the quantity and quality of knowledgeGoalsDescription Describing the characteristic features of an eventPrediction Specifying the occurrence of some event based upon past experience with a similar eventControl Arranging the conditions responsible for some eventBeing able to turn a phenomenon on and off2Define and identify examples of independent dependent and confounding variables Dependent Variable DVThe Behavior of the participant or the subject that may change as a result of the treatment or IVIndependent Variable IVThe treatment manipulated by the experiment which may affect the behavior or DV Confounding Variable CVA condition or aspect of the study other than the IV that influences the DV3Identify the characteristics of good behavioral measurementObjectiveDefinitions are observable and unambiguous ReliableInstrument produces consistent repeatable resultsValidInstrument produces an accurate representation IE measures what it puports to measure SensitiveCan detect changes in the dependent variable 4Describe the measurable characteristics of behaviorTopographyForm of a responseWhat it looks like Contact of hand to another person MagnitudeForce or intensity of a responseLifting a 25lb weightFrequencyNumber of occurrences of a responseCount or rate ie counttimeDurationAmount of time occupied by a responseNumber of secondsLatencyTime elapsed between a starting point and the onset or completion of a responseGet out of bed from when alarm goes offInterresponse time IRTTime between episodes of a responseTime between cigarettes smoked
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