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PSYC 4039 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Mental Disorder, Madness, Hippocratic Corpus


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 4039
Professor
Baumeister
Study Guide
Midterm

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LSU
PSYC 4039
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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CONSTRUCTION OF REALITY
Foucault’s Social Construction of reality
oTruth I relative to culture and time
oThere is no absolute truth—something that is true to one culture, may not be for another
oAll knowledge is uncertain
oBoth truth and morality are culturally defined and relative
oWe have no objective knowledge of the external world
The new historicism/ postmodernism
oImplications
No distinction between fact and fiction
Foucault believed mentally illness was not real.
He believed all of the mentally ill were put on a ship and sailed around, got
off at ports and then got back on the boat.
No distinction between history and literature
oSuch views are most prevalent in:
Literary criticism
History
Cultural studies
Linguistics
Social science
Thomas Kuhn- the structure of scientific revolutions
oNormal science
Paradigm driven (set of beliefs that all scientists working on a given problem accept
as true)
Defines fundamental nature of the thing studied
Example: mental illness is caused by the disturbance of brain
chemistry
Defines questions that are legitimate to ask
Example: asking about levels of neurotransmitters in the brain
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Defines methods
Aimed at confirming and extending paradigm
Contrary to the belief that scientists are looking to disprove the paradigm
Cumulative growth of knowledge
Continuity of knowledge and concepts
Saying you are depressed because you had a bad mother is not consistent.
Saying you are depressed because there isn’t enough serotonin in your
brain is consistent
Troublesome anomalies and ignored or explained away
Scientists discover things that don’t fit with the paradigm (anomalies).
Scientists either ignore the finding- assuming it is wrong, or they develop a
theory around the finding working backwards when it comes to explaining
anomalies. This isn’t how it is supposed to work
oThe belief system of scientists shapes how they do their research
oScientific revolution
Paradigm shift
Discontinuous growth of knowledge
HISTORY OF PSCYHIATRIC NOSOLOGY (CLASSIFICATION)
First solid evidence of mental illness
oThe ancients:
Melancholia
Depression
Phrenitis
Brain fever- probably refers to delirium which is associated with a very high
fever
Hysteria
Plays a big role in the development of Freudian psychology
A person has physical symptoms and a lot of emotionality, but the psychical
symptoms have no biological bases
Example: going blind after experiencing something horrible
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