Study Guides (274,315)
US (142,605)
LSU (4,412)
PSYC (684)
PSYC 4039 (32)
All (27)
Midterm

EXAM 2 NOTES 2 (got 93% on the test)

by OneClass284176 , Winter 2013
22 Pages
124 Views
Winter 2013

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 4039
Professor
All
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 22 pages of the document.
MADNESS & MEDICINE
EXAM 2 10/20/2011
THE FIRST BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY
Continuity vs. Discontinuity
(Chapters 3,4,5 Don’t really have to read much of 3 & 4)
Everything for 3 & 4 will be in the powerpoints
Normal Science vs. Revolutionary Science
Normal Science: continuity
Revolutionary Science: discontinuity
Book doesn’t get into the philosophy of this, but book assumes discontinuity in the history of psychiatry.
(2nd biological psychiatry, 3rd biological psychiatry, etc.)
~1850-1900: first biological psychiatry
Undergoes revolution that qualitatively looks at things differently: psychoanalytic
In mid 1950’s, psychoanalytic is replaced by a stimulus of a 2nd biological psychiatry = medications
Professor: where book sees discontinuity, Dr. Beaumeister sees continuity
(“Things are not quite the way the book portrays them”)
Developments in:
Genetics
Neuroanatomy
Neurochemistry
Clinical/descriptive method – develops before 1900; “continuation of first biological psychiatry, just with
a different interest”
Genetic Madness: ~1850
Degeneration:
oThe idea that genetic disorders get worse as they pass through successive generations
oMorel and others proposed a degenerative sequence:
-Criminality
-Sexual perversion
-Mental illness
oStigmatized the mentally ill and created fear & loathing of psychiatrists (early roots of
antipsychiatry)
-People were terrified of not only being diagnosed with mental illness, but having a
family member diagnosed with mental illness as well (especially if this is a genetic
disease)
Evolution:
oStruggle for survival
oGenetic variation in physical & psychological traits
oNatural selection (survival of the fittest)
oUnits of selection
-Society (Social Darwinism, Spencer coined the phrase “survival of the fittest”)
-Species
-Individual (most important)
-Gene
The gene is the elemental unit of selection
Fitness (the representation of genes in future generations)
Inclusive fitness (altruism): you can be fit without reproducing; altruism: doing good; an act that is
committed & damages the fitness of the individual performing the act, but helps other individuals
Eugenics
oSir Francis Galton
oHereditary Genius
oEminent men have eminent offspring
oEugenics – “well born” (antonyms – cacogenic, dysgenic)
oAdvocated government control of human breeding
oMental measurement
-Galton focused on mental characteristics: people with artistic, mathematical, etc. traits
-Galton developed some of the first tests of mental measurement (measure people’s
reaction time to a stimulus)
1900 America fertile ground for eugenics
Certain immigrants “more given to crimes of larceny, kidnapping, assault, murder, rape & sex-immorality”
Low birth rates among the well-born leading to “race suicide”
Eugenics consistent with capitalism
Positive eugenics:
AES hold “fitter families” contest & gives $500 award for best eugenics sermon
Negative Eugenics:

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
MADNESSMEDICINEEXAM210202011THEFIRSTBIOLOGICALPSYCHIATRYContinuityvsDiscontinuityChapters345Dontreallyhavetoreadmuchof34Everythingfor34willbeinthepowerpointsNormalSciencevsRevolutionaryScienceNormalSciencecontinuityRevolutionarySciencediscontinuityBookdoesntgetintothephilosophyofthisbutbookassumesdiscontinuityinthehistoryofpsychiatryndrd2biologicalpsychiatry3biologicalpsychiatryetc18501900firstbiologicalpsychiatryUndergoesrevolutionthatqualitativelylooksatthingsdifferentlypsychoanalyticndInmid1950spsychoanalyticisreplacedbyastimulusofa2biologicalpsychiatrymedicationsProfessorwherebookseesdiscontinuityDrBeaumeisterseescontinuityThingsarenotquitethewaythebookportraysthemDevelopmentsinGeneticsNeuroanatomyNeurochemistryClinicaldescriptivemethoddevelopsbefore1900continuationoffirstbiologicalpsychiatryjustwithadifferentinterestGeneticMadness1850DegenerationoTheideathatgeneticdisordersgetworseastheypassthroughsuccessivegenerationsoMorelandothersproposedadegenerativesequenceCriminalitySexualperversionMentalillnessoStigmatizedthementallyillandcreatedfearloathingofpsychiatristsearlyrootsofantipsychiatryPeoplewereterrifiedofnotonlybeingdiagnosedwithmentalillnessbuthavingafamilymemberdiagnosedwithmentalillnessaswellespeciallyifthisisageneticdiseaseEvolutionoStruggleforsurvivaloGeneticvariationinphysicalpsychologicaltraitsoNaturalselectionsurvivalofthefittestoUnitsofselectionSocietySocialDarwinismSpencercoinedthephrasesurvivalofthefittestSpecies
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

You've reached the limit of 4 previews this month

Create an account for unlimited previews.

Already have an account?

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit