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Chapter 16 Adolescents Psychosocial Development

7 Pages

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PSYC 4070

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Chapter 16 Adolescents Psychosocial Development IdentityPsychosocial development during adolescence is often understood as a search for a consistent understanding of oneself Identity vs Role ConfusionEriksons term for the fifth stage of development in which the person tries to figure out Who am I but is confused as to which of many possible roles to adoptIdentity AchievementEriksons term for the attainment of identity or the point at which a person understands who he or she is as a unique individual in accord with past experiences and future plansEriksons insight inspired many researchers Notable among them was James Marcia who described and measured four specific ways young people cope with this stage of life1Achievement2Role ConfusionRole confusion is a situation in which an adolescent does not seem to know or care what his or her identity is Sometimes called identity diffusion3ForeclosureForeclosure is Eriksons term for premature identity formation which occurs when an adolescent adopts parents or societys roles and values wholesale without questioning or analysis4Moratorium Moratorium is an adolescents choice of a socially acceptable way to postpone making identity achievement decisions Going to college is an example Developmentalists still believe that adolescents struggle through identity crisis but it now seems that attaining autonomy and achieving identity before age 18 are unlikely Erikson highlighted four aspects of identity religious political vocational and sexual In none of these is identity usually achieved during adolescence Nonetheless each of these four arenas for identity is integral to understanding lifespan development 1Religious IdentityFor most adolescents it is similar to that of their parents and community Few adolescents totally reject religion if they grew up following a particular faith partly because religion provides meaning as well as coping skills that are particularly useful during the stresses of the teen years Most adolescents accept the religious identity of their parents and culture
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