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Exam 3 Study Guide (aced the test and got 96%)

9 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 4070

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Formal Operational Intelligence12 years oldmay not fully be attained until 1822Can think logically about hypotheticalabstract thingsThink about the form of statements and ideasrather than the concrete things the words representConcrete Reasoners will try to solve many problems by trialanderror Formal reasoners will hypothesize and mentally consider the results Formal reasoners will systematically generate hypothesestest thembased upon the feedback from old hypotheses generate new and better hypothesesCombination of liquids or 4 beaker problemOne beaker contains one or a mixture of the chemicals 14 Take a few drops of beaker g and put in beaker X Theres a yellow color in beaker X Determine how each chemical effects the reactionDo chemicals 123 and 4 cause have no effect on or stop the color change Try all combinationsConcrete Reasoners are weak on acapacity called interpropositional thinking Concrete reasoners cant compare several hypotheses to see if they are logically consistent with each otherConcrete reasoners have difficulty generating and thinking about hypothesesTo a concrete reasonedreality is the only possibilityTo a formalreality is one of many possibilitiesLate in life piaget moved away from a belief in rigid timelinesthe necessity of the same changes always occurring in the same order In addition at first Piaget thought that all normal young adults would develop formal operations But they dontWhy notHypotheses areformal reasoning is environmentally dependent nurture explanationformal reasoning is aspecific aptitude that only some people have nature explanationFormal operations are both goodthinking about whats possible in ones life forming an identity and understanding others badcause some of the painful aspects of adolescence Questioning everything angry at inconsistenciesrebel against their parents the governments prioritiesPiagetadolescents so focused on their thinking that they appear more egocentricDavid Elkin 2 types of egocentrism in adolescents1the imaginary audienceAdolescents feelConstantly on stage everyone is watching and critical2Personal fablea belief in the uniqueness of oneself and ones thinkingElkin thought that invincibility fable might be part of the personal fableInvincibility Fablean adolescents supposed belief that though they engage in risky behavior they cant be harmedinvincibility fable declines in late adolescence as teens lose idealism but dont support thisadolescents see just as many dangers in risky acts as middleaged adults Adolescents take risks bc they want excitement not because they feel invulnerable
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