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Test 3 Psyc 4072

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Louisiana State University
PSYC 4072

INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS IntroductionoHow does aging affect interpersonal relationshipsLots of ways number of closest friends remain constant over the lifespanoDoes the number of friends change or remain stable throughout adulthoodDepends close friends remains the same but peripherals tends to decline oStereotypes v what the literature says Literature suggests most older people are socially engaged and keep in touch with friends over the phone Older people use Facebook and technology but they use it for different reasons than old people Old people use it to see how well they are doing relative to other friends their age while younger people just want to put out information about themselves like a megaphonePeople that are more socially connected live longeroIt is important to consider the topic of interpersonal relationships from an adult developmental perspectiveCommon myths about intergenerational relationships oMyth 1 The years after the last child leaves the home called empty nest is a time of considerable emotional pain particularly for womenIn reality people look forward to the day their kids leave home Marital satisfaction goes up around this stage oMyth 2 Medicare provides all of the needed health care for disabled older adultsFamily members actually provide the day to day support for older adults oMyth 3 A century ago elderly parents and their children lived together more often because families were more caring the modern family is more isolated geographically and emotionallyThe children lived with their parents because they could not afford their own home and the grandparents took care of the children because daycare was too expensiveNobody could afford to live any other way at that timeFamilies are scattered geographically now but it also has to do with economic reasons oMyth 4 Most parents 65 are neglected by their adult children who never visit them or who callously place them in nursing homes at the slightest provocationParentAdult Childreno81 of all middleaged and elderly adults have living childrenoFilial maturity Developmental transition where adult children begin to identify with their parentsUsually mid to late 20s and early 30s EX You start to say and act the same way you parents did toward you when you were young you now understand why they did the things they did oFilial anxiety Occurs when adult children realize that they may be forced to take on the care of a disabled parentWhen you begin to see adult parent as vulnerable and realize you may need to take up some responsibilities for them you make need to take care of parent that has become disabled and anxiety arisesUniquely western phenomenon 1oFilial obligation or filial piety In other cultures it is expected that children will take on the care of their parents in old ageThis is in easternAsian cultures it is always known that it will happen because that is what they are supposed to do Grand parentingoPrevalence 56 million grandparents in the US todayoRewarding for several reasons Indulge without responsibilitiesEnjoy receiving affection and respect from grandchildrenFacilitates a reinvolvement in ones personal past ie remembering a relationships with ones own grandparentsoGrandparents raising grandchildren is becoming increasingly more common todayoSkip generation family defines as a situation where grandparents are raising grandchildrenApproximately 57 million or 11 of all grandparents are raising their grandchildrenoReasons for skip generation familiesParental substance abuseChild abuse and neglectTeenage pregnancyParental unemploymentDivorceAIDSIncarceration Psychological Perspectives on LongTerm RelationshipsoSocioeconomical selectivity theory people reduce the rangesize of their network of relationships as they move through adulthood to maximize social and emotional gain and minimize risksYoung adults need a broad social network can provide information support offer jobs meeting spouses helps maximize social gainsAs we get older we being to become aware of mortality and that time is limited people becomes more selective in who they spend time with and social networks begin to shrink Typically you want to spend time with people you know really well and do not offer many risks Sometimes older people have closer relationships with friends than family oAttachment Theory taken from the main stream developmental psychology assumes that ones approach to close relationships is based on the attachment style developed in early childhood5 types Secure attachment style this is the one you want learned that caregiver comes when you need them and that you can trust themAnxious attachment style primary caregiver that was inconsistent sometimes they help sometimes they do not results in paranoia about where partner is Avoidant attachment style no attachment at all no emotional care results form parents who do not care at all2
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