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Chapter 10 Study Guide

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 4176
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter10EmotionalDevelopmentTheFunctionsofEmotionsYouremotionisarapidappraisalofthepersonalsignificanceofthesituationwhichpreparesyouforactionTheFunctionalistApproachtoEmotionemphasizesthatthebroadfunctionofemotionsistoenergizebehavioraimedatattainingpersonalgoalsoPointoutthatemotionscontributetotheemergenceofselfawarenessoSelfefficacyconfidenceatbeingabletocontroleventsintheirsurroundingsoFunctionalistsalsoemphasizethattoadapttotheirphysicalandsocialworldschildrenmustgaincontrolovertheiremotionsjustastheydotheirmotorcognitiveandsocialbehaviorEMOTIONSANDCOGNITIVEPROCESSINGEmotionalreactionscanleadtolearningthatisessentialforsurvivalTheemotioncognitionrelationshipisevidentintheimpactofanxietyonperformanceAmongchildrenandadultsveryhighorverylowanxietyimpairsthinkingbutmoderateanxietycanbefacilitatingEMOTIONSANDSOCIALBEHAVIORChildrensemotionsignalssuchassmilingcryingandattentiveinterestpowerfullyaffectthebehaviorsofothersSimilarlytheemotionalreactionsofothersregulatechildrenssocialbehaviorEMOTIONSANDHEALTHEmotionsinfluencechildrensphysicalwellbeingChapter10EmotionalDevelopmentTwochildhoodgrowthdisordersnonorganicfailuretothriveandpsychosocialdwarfismStressleadstoavarietyofdiseasesandillnessesDevelopmentofEmotionalExpressionBasicemotionshappinessinterestsurprisefearangersadnessdisgustareuniversalinhumansandotherprimateshavealongevolutionaryhistoryofpromotingsurvivalandcanbedirectlyinferredfromfacialexpressionsThedynamicsystemsperspectivehelpsusunderstandhowthishappensAccordingtothisviewchildrencoordinateseparateskillsintomoreeffectivesystemsasthecentralnervoussystemdevelopsandthechildsgoalsandexperienceschangeHAPPINESSFirstexpressedinblissfulsmilesandlaterthroughexuberantlaughtercontributestomanyaspectsofdevelopmentSmilesoccurfrombirthBetween6and10weeksthehumanfaceevokesabroadgrincalledthesocialsmileLaughterwhichappearsaround3to4monthsreflectsfasterprocessingofinformationthandoessmilingANGERANDSADNESSNewbornbabiesrespondwithgeneralizeddistresstoavarietyofunpleasantexperiencesFrom4to6monthsintothesecondyearangryexpressionsincreaseinfrequencyandintensity
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