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Study Guide

REL 1000 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
REL 1000
Professor
K.Smith
Study Guide
Midterm

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REL 1000
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Religion in Japan
I. Religion in Japan
A. Modern Day
1. Modern Democracy
They are very friendly and like to practice their English
2. Legal protections
Religious freedom
Example: “harm principle”
o Free to believe in any religion as long as you don’t
harm anybody in the process
3. Great diversity
Every religion is present in Japan
B. Shinto
1. Historical context
“ShinDo”
o Shin = the way of divine being
o Do = where divine beings are found
Must live in harmony with these divine beings
Arrival of Buddhist missionaries ~550 CE
o Very ancient practice
o Name was created when they came and started
teaching Pure Land Buddhism but existed since
people arrived at the islands
C. Key Ideas
1. Kami: divine beings found in nature
Amatsukami
o Oldest and most powerful
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2
o Found in the sky, heavenly
o Examples: Sun, Moon, Stars
Amaterasu: Sun Goddess
Most powerful
Seen as a source of life
Kunitsukami
o Not as old or powerful
o Earthly things
o Examples: could be grand like Mount Fuji or
simple like the stone carving or a tree
Magatsuinokami
o Destructive
o Examples: tsunamis, earthquakes, typhoon,
thunderstorm, or widespread disease
Raijin: God of thunder
2. Tsumi
Impurities
Not moral impurities
Example: Not taking a bath for a long time
Main causes:
o Unkind actions or thoughts
o Contact with corpses
o Gendered: pertains to the female biology
Period
When they start to build up you become out of harmony
with the spirits
o This is seen as the problem
o The solution is Misogi and Ohari
3. Misogi
Purification by waterfall
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