REL 1000 Study Guide - Spring 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism

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Published on 12 Oct 2018
School
Course
Professor
REL 1000
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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Religion in Japan
I. Religion in Japan
A. Modern Day
1. Modern Democracy
They are very friendly and like to practice their English
2. Legal protections
Religious freedom
Example: “harm principle”
o Free to believe in any religion as long as you don’t
harm anybody in the process
3. Great diversity
Every religion is present in Japan
B. Shinto
1. Historical context
“ShinDo”
o Shin = the way of divine being
o Do = where divine beings are found
Must live in harmony with these divine beings
Arrival of Buddhist missionaries ~550 CE
o Very ancient practice
o Name was created when they came and started
teaching Pure Land Buddhism but existed since
people arrived at the islands
C. Key Ideas
1. Kami: divine beings found in nature
Amatsukami
o Oldest and most powerful
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2
o Found in the sky, heavenly
o Examples: Sun, Moon, Stars
Amaterasu: Sun Goddess
Most powerful
Seen as a source of life
Kunitsukami
o Not as old or powerful
o Earthly things
o Examples: could be grand like Mount Fuji or
simple like the stone carving or a tree
Magatsuinokami
o Destructive
o Examples: tsunamis, earthquakes, typhoon,
thunderstorm, or widespread disease
Raijin: God of thunder
2. Tsumi
Impurities
Not moral impurities
Example: Not taking a bath for a long time
Main causes:
o Unkind actions or thoughts
o Contact with corpses
o Gendered: pertains to the female biology
Period
When they start to build up you become out of harmony
with the spirits
o This is seen as the problem
o The solution is Misogi and Ohari
3. Misogi
Purification by waterfall
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Document Summary

Kami taking it: example: highest honor would be sun hitting it, kanagara, an experience of becoming one with kami, done by sitting in silence and calming your mind, you become them, and they become you. Izanagi (male) and izanami (female: stirred below the heavens which made the island, gave birth to leech child. Emperor and family come from the most powerful kami. Kami: emperor at the time realized there were many different creation stories so he sent scribes and sages out to find the correct one. Emperor should have absolute power again: they also want japan to return as a great power and have a large military again. Religion in china: religion in china, common assumption, communist society, since 1949, p. r. c. (peoples republic of. China: atheism do not believe a god created the world, but the reality is, religion is permitted, tightly regulated short list of approved religions, can only practices these during the right time and place.

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