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REL 1004 Study Guide for Final Exam

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Religious Studies
REL 1004
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REL 1004 Study Guide 12512 956 PM Chapter 1 MapsKnow locations of countries important places in biblical story seas etcChapter 2 IntroductionThe Nature of the Evidence o Literary evidence or the biblical texto Nonbiblical literary evidence such as documents found from archeological findings ie Enuma Elish the Babylonian creation mythos recovered from a destroyed Ninevah library o Nonliterary physical artifacts such as coins pottery houses etcCanonA standard against which things may be judgeda lifestyle of some religious people almost like a law codeAncient writing o Was used for preservative purposes o Materials used were stones copperbronze woodbark papyrus leather parchment linen or clay o Ostraca Firedcould use inkStill DampstylusTypes and Purposes of Ancient Writing o 1 Records of legal transactions o 2 Records of important individual occasions o 3 Communal calendars o 4 Significant communal records o 5 Codes of lawLiterature the types of literature were usually Legendssagas myths or stories of wisdomBiblical Literature is usually orally passed on and oral is better than written Nature of a Religious Cannon o 1 Belief in the divine origin of the literaturethe person following the cannon believes in the gods of the literature o 2 Assumption of internal coherenceo 3 Belief that universal values are expressed throughout the canonTwo ways to interpret the Bible o A We can follow blindly those who remain determined to discover perfection and complete coherence throughout the Bible even when logic and reason tell us that such is simply not the case o B Or we can toss aside in disgust the entire enterprise of studying the Bible secure in our modern arrogance that since all inconsistencies cannot be reconciled the Bible is unworthy of our respect o We must learn to ask whether we have derived our understanding of internal coherency from biblical categories or whether we are attempting to force onto the biblical texts a set of modern ideas about logic and consistencyBiblical Authors and their Sources o Doubletswords having different phonological forms but the same etymological meaning o 1 Alternate points of view serve as warranties of honestyie two versions of the creation story o 2 The danger of monolithic interpretationwhen there is only one interpretation of a story the facts can be lobsidedNames of the Bible o Old Testament Hebrew Scripture diatheke Greek berit Hebrew Arrangement and Content o 1 The Hebrew Bible TorahProphetsWritings TaNaKhTorah Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers DeuteronomyProphetsFormer Joshua Judges Samuel KingsLatter Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel The TwelveWritings Psalms Proverbs Job Ruth Song of Songs Ecclesiastes Lamentations Esther Daniel EzraNeh Chronicles o 2 The Greek Septuagint LXX o 3 The Catholic Old Testament o 4 Protestant Old Testament Chapter 3 Sources and Duplicate AccountsYHWH The proper name of the specific deity of IsraelNOT JUST ANY GOD THE ISRAEL GODElohim any god of any religious tradition from any area of the worldClues to a literary source o 1 Divine name o 2 Literary style and vocabulary o 3 Tehological point of view o 4 Narrative detailsThe Yahwist J One of the sources of the Torah along with the Deuteronamist and Preistly accounts The Priestly author P One of the sources of the Torah along with the Yahwist and Deuteronamist accounts product of postexilic era when Judah was a province of the Persian empireShechemElohist Another account of the Torah characterised by among other things an abstract view of God using Horeb instead of Sinai for the mountain where Moses received the laws of Israeland the use of the phrase fear of GodIt habitually locates ancestral stories in the north especially Ephraim and the documentary hypothesis holds that it must have been composed in that region possibly in the second half of the 9th century BCEDeuteronomist D fourth account of the Torah seen more as a school or movement than a single author It is generally agreed that the DtrH originated independently of both the books of GenesisExodus Leviticus and Numbers the first four books of the Torah and the history of the books of Chronicles most scholars trace all or most of it to the Babylonian exile 6th century BCE and associate it with editorial reworking of both the Tetrateuch and JeremiahAll books and accounts aim to answer the same questions We as believers also strive to answer these ourselves o 1 Who is God o 2 Who are we o 3 What is the relationship between God and us
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