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Religious Studies
REL 2120
All Professors

Section 1Section 2 AntiSemitism in the Pagan WorldIThe Exodus no datea1st is the enslavement of the Israelites by the EgyptiansiWere invited to come there until a certain pharos revoked the treaty and called for the extermination of JewsaStory in the book of Esther Purimi5th century BCE Persiaii1st historical reference to an antisematic act where Jews were to be exterminated because one named mortici who refused to bow to the kingIDietary lawsaHad strict dietary laws and could not share meals with pagan neighbors which was considered rudeISabbath observanceaPerceived to be socially out of step with the others aroundIRefusal to intermarryaRefused to marry others outside of the faithaThere is no law that forbids them from marrying othersISpecial privilegesIITraditional dressaMade Jews much more identifiableI1965 Edward FlanneryaThe anguish of the Jews a catholic priest writes 23 centuries of antiSemitismbSays antiSemitism began before ChristianityIAlexander the greata3rd century BCaHellenization GreekbThe most famous conqueror of all times founded Alexandria in EgyptIAlexandriaaAlexander viewed Jews favorably so iThe Jewish section of the city thrived as a center of commercial and intellectual activityiMany Jews attained great financial prosperityIClearchus of SoliaDescribed the meeting of Aristotle and a Jewish philosopher as a positive and mutually beneficial encounterITheophrastus of EresosaDescribed Jews as philosophers by raceIMegasthenesaSpecialist in lore and costumes of ancient IndiaIMost Egyptian philosophers resented the denomination of Greece and then RomeIWere negative about Jews and the approval given them by the conquerorsIIHecataeus of Abderaa4th century Egyptian authorIManethoa3rd century egyptian priestbKing amenophis purged egypt of lepers and polluted people and sent 80000 to work in the rock quarries east of the nilecThis group led by moses defeted the egyptian armyaMantheo called jews aliensaCrossed the river and founded JeruselumILysimachus 4th centuryaThe jews sick with leprosy took refuge in the temples and killed 100000IPoseidoniusa2nd century BCEIMnaseas of Pathrosa2nd Century IPhilostratusa2nd century BCEIAgatharchides of CnidusIIApollonius Molon 1st half of the 1st cent BCEaDevoted an entire book to opposing jewsbthe worst among the barbarians lacking any creative talent They did nothing for the good of mankind and they do not believe in any godaHe called Moses an imposter who was actually a morally corrupt leader posing as a religious authorityDemocr greek author 1st century BCEIaClaimed that every seven years the Jews capture a stranger lead him to their temple and immolate him cutting his flesh into small piecesIApion Alexandrian scholar 1st cent CEaHis History of Egypt repeated and embellished most of the myths perpetrated by othersbSaid the sabbath was born because the jews cTransvalued the idea of killing every seven years to annualdStranger was generally greek who was kidnapped fattened dragged into the woods and then slaughtered Jews then defiled the dead body and swore an oath of hostility against the greeksIFlavius 1st cent Jewish historianaWrote a lengthy treatise against apionI philo aMob action causzed philo jew philosopher he pled the cause in favor of the jews b4 the emperor CaligulaIStrabo historian and geographer late 1st centahard to find a place on EARTH that is not dominated by the JewsIJews only comprise 25 of the population of AmericaaJews are typically urban dwellersbVirtually 90 of all jews in each country in which they are present are concentrated in two or three largest cities in the countrycTraditionally involved in economic artistic scientific and academic pursuits write and produce works that are widely read or attendedaMajoritiy of the people in the western world practice Christ Or Islam mom Jews learn something about Jews in the course of their learning b4 theyre acquainted socially or commercially a the jewish communtiy in prechristian rome second in sizeICicero 59 BCEaComplained about how numerous they are their clannishness their undue assembliesIRomans were generally quite tolerant of other religionsaThe scholars were generally the most critical
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