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Exam 1 Study Guide (highest grade in class)

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Louisiana State University
SOCL 2001

1Sociology 2001Exam 1 Study GuideCHAPTER 1THE SOCIAL IMAGINATION AN INTRODUCTIONSociologythe scientific study of human societyThe study of groups of peopleAttempts to apply the scientific method on human behaviorThe function of sociology as of every science is to reveal that which is hiddenPierre BordieuSociological Imaginationthe ability to connect ones personal experiences to society at large and greater historical forcesSociological imagination is the ability to connect the most basic intimate aspects of an individuals life to seemingly impersonal and remote historical forcesUsing our sociological imagination allows us to make the familiar strange or to question habits or customs that seem natural to usSocial Structure Social structure is larger than the individual but is made up of individualsIs both abstract and concreteVaries in structure relevance and influenceSocial Institutionnetworks of structures in society that socializes groups of people within themA complex group of interdependent social positions connected by social relations that perform a social role and reproduce themselves over timeEx legal system labor market language itselfSocial Institutions have a great influence on peoples behavior and are constantly changingThe interactions and meanings we ascribe to social institutions shape and change them2Defined narrowly as any institution that works to shape the behavior of groups of people within itEx military prison boarding schoolsSocial Identityhow individuals define themselves in relationship to groups they are a part of or in relationship to groups they choose not to be a part ofWe all contribute to one anothers social identity which can be thought of as a grand narrative constructed of many individual storiesMicrosociologyseeks to understand local interactional contexts focusing on facetoface encounters and gathering data through participant observations and indepth interviewsSmallest levels of sociology individuals and families households or neighborhoodsMainly interested in small groupsGenerally uses participant observation and indepth interviewsMacrosociologygenerally looks at social dynamics across whole societies or large parts of them and often relies on statistical analysis to do soLarge levels of sociology nationally societies or culture globalMacroobjectivethings we can all see and discuss can be discussed as an objectEx technology law bureaucracy society languageMacrosubjectivecan be experienced conclusions based on personal feelings and valuesEx culture norms valuesMicroobjectiveinteractive things that can be written down result of actual proofEx patterns of behavior actions interactionsMicrosubjectiveconclusions based on personal values and feelings on a small scaleEx perceptions beliefs the various facets of the social construction of reality
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