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Sociology 2001 Notes (scored 92%)

15 Pages

Course Code
SOCL 2001

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Sociology 2001Ch 11Sec 11 What is SociologyaSociology the systematic study of social interaction at a variety of levelsbSocial interaction the process of acting toward and reacting to people around usc11a Are You UniqueiYes and NoiiWe are different from anyone else on earth but we are like others in many waysiiiWe each have different personalities and interests but we all participate in certain rituals like our surrounding people and follow certain rules based on where we lived11b Isnt Sociology Just Common SenseiCommon sense is subjectiveiiCommon sense ignores factsiiiCommon sense perceptions vary across groups and culturesivMuch of our common sense is based on myths and misconceptions2Sec 12 What is a Sociological ImaginationaSociological Imagination emphasizes the connection between personal troubles and structural issuesbPersonal trouble people are unemployedcPublic issue unemployment is widespreaddMicrosociology focuses on the relationships between individualseMacrosociology examines social dynamics across a societyf12a Microsociology How People Affect Our Everyday LivesiEveryday interactions involve what people think say or do on a daily basisg12b Macrosociology How Social Structure Affects Our Everyday LivesiEconomic forces laws and social and public policies3Sec 13 Why Study Sociologya13b Understanding DiversityiOur gender social class marital status ethnicity etc shape our beliefs behavior and experiences4Sec 14 Some Origins of Sociological TheoryaTheory a set of statements that explains why a phenomenon occursb14a Auguste ComteiCoined term sociology and described as Father of SociologyiiStudy of society needs to be empiricaliiiEmpirical information should be based on observation experiments or other data collection rather than on ideology religion intuition or conventional wisdomivSocial statics investigates how principles of social order explain a particular society as well as the interconnections between institutionsvSocial dynamics explores how individuals and societies change over timec14c Emile DurkheimiSocial Facts aspects of social life external to the individual which can be measurediiSocial Solidarity social cohesiveness and harmony maintained by division of laboriiiDivision of Labor interdependence of different tasks and occupationsd14d Karl MarxiCapitalism1Capitalists the ruling elite wealthy2Petite Bourgeoisie small business owners and owner workers3Proletariat masses of workers who depend on wages to survive pooriiClass Conflict1Believed Proletariat would revolt2Believed society is divided into the haves capitalists and the havenots proletariatiiiAlienation1The feeling of separation from ones group or societye14e Max WeberiVerstehen subjective understanding of behavior requires knowing how people perceive the world in which they live1Observational understanding observes a persons facial expressions gestures and listens to hisher words2Explanatory understanding tries to grasp the intention and context of the behavioriiValuefree sociology
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