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Cheat Sheet Test 3 (got the best grade in class)

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Louisiana State University
SOCL 2001

Chapter 7NeoMarxismwhether people have a control in society is based on assets skills and authority revised Marx theory There are 12 1Stratificationinequality that is applied to a larger group of societydifferent classesowners vs nonownersSocial stratificationthe ranking of people according to their wealth prestige or 11Division of wealthbased on personal property aka liquid assets like party position ex compare yourself to rich or attractive person creates inequalitystocks bonds cash etcSocial Differentiationthe variation of ppl based on selected social aRelatively unequal in UScharacteristics class gender race or age ex ppl treated differently bc of their Povertyhaving fewer resources than required to meet the basic necessitiesrace or gender12Poverty in US poverty line 3x basic foods 2Inequalitydifferences btwn groups or individuals in wealth status or 12US POVERTY 18LA POVERTYpoweraPoverty rate in the USLA ratio among childrenelderly in 93 12 There is no society without inequality so it is UNIVERSAL MUST EXIST This is lived below poverty level Elderly doing better now bc of government the reason no communist countries ever succeed If there wasnt inequality ppl prgramsowldnt work hardbDecreasing wageslooks like we are making more but its really Open Systema system of stratification in which it is possible to move up to a less after inflation we have much more working poor people who higher or lower position Must work hard and get luckyAmerican dreamwork full time jobs at min wage so their annual salary is still below 3Lenskis historical view inequality depends on level of societythe poverty lineaHunting and gatheringall possess little wealth and have similar tasks cFeminization of povertypoverty is mainly made up of young so inequality very little PPl move around so cant accumulate things women single parents and kidssmall nomadiclive on food that is founddSocial mobilitydownwardupwardbHorticulturalsocieties that grow food using very simple tools and Closed system of stratificationhave to remain in the level in some irrigation systems do not have large scale agriculture which you were born into ie slave caste system Indiappl stratification begins to developborn into a caste apartheid Africabased on racecAgrariansocieties w advance farming practices w plowsOpen system of stratificationability to move updown in domesticated animals Cultivated land on a large scale with use of social class ie in the US we can become rich or poor at any tools metallurgyironGet more than you can consumeGet time in our lives for example TOPS gives people the ability to richMOST INEQUALITYmove up who normally may not be able to go to classSURPLUS VALUEmore than ones family needsmeans of productioniIntergenerational mobilitya change of social position or rank dIndustrializedSocieties w great division of labor highly specialized up or down from one generation to the next ie comparison of worka great concentration of wealth Industrial revolution steam the status of child vs parentsengines machines tractors transportation Middle class improved so iiIntragenerational mobilitya change of social postion or rank stratification may have decreased within ones own lifetime individualePostindustrialcomputersppl need to be better trainediiiStructural mobilitysocial mobility as a result of a change in Technologydepending on what type of avail society is classifiedoccupational structure ie parents are better off than Division of laborchanged bc w industrial revolution everyone can be a worker grandparents because in grandparents time many people PPl specialized in things were farmers but in parents time more people became white Surplusvalue more than you can consume increased through societies without collar workerssurplus there is no inequalityivStatus attainment model how do we attain our social status 4Weber powerthe ability to control the behavior of others comes from1 physical social human culturalsocial classbased on wealth and life chances to acquire wealth 2 social vCausal direct indirect effectsstatus reputationhonor and prestige person receives3 parties 1Probalistic modelsomething is related and probably will membershipan organization in which decisions are made to reach the happen but not guaranteed ex if have a high education groups goals such as to win an election Most who have 1 have them allits probable that youll have a high income Life chancesthe opportunity the person has to improve hisher income2Physical capitalmoney income stocklifestyle how likely
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