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Sociology 2025 Test 3 Notes (got 93% on the test)

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SOCL 2505

Chapter 11Domestic ViolenceDomestic Violence in Historical Perspective Domestic violenceviolent acts between family members or between women and men in intimate or dating relationshipsany sort of violent act from physical acts to mental abuse or puts a person in fearEarly HistoryoPuritans believed government should enforce moral behaviorwives in early history were seen as property so husbands could do what they wanted to themFirst law against wife beating in Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1641Few people charged with this crimeoBalance between preserving the family unit and of protecting women and children from abuse was difficult to maintainoChild protection movement occurred in late 1800sThe Twentieth CenturyoThe Political Model of Domestic ViolenceReferred to the relations of power and authority between men and womenStruggles usually over mens power to control womenour social structure allowed this to happenIt was a private matterDomestic violence is deeply rooted in laws and customs that reinforce male dominance oThe Medical Model of Domestic ViolenceSeen as an illness and source of injuryMain concern is with illness and wellbeing family counseling anger management depression alcohol abuse etcHas led to states passing laws requiring doctors to report suspected cases of child abuse starting in early 1960sAttention to wife beating really started in mid1979sMade Violence against women a political problemBy end of 1970s almost all states had enacted laws to protect women from violence by creating support services requirements that physicians report suspected cases and tougher criminal proceduresex crisis centers battered women shelters etcIntimate Partner ViolenceTwo kinds of violenceoSituational couple violence violence that arises from a specific situations in which one or both partners act aggressively in angerThe more common and less severe men and women might equally use this oneoIntimate terrorism a pattern in which a man seeks to control the behavior of his partner through repeated serious violent actsalmost always perpetrated by a man but it can also be a womanPrevalence and Trends in Intimate Partner ViolenceWomen more likely to report being victimized by an intimate partnerGender differences also seen in same sex couplesWomen victimized by criminal intimate violence more often than men the most serious types of violencerape aggravated assault etc most likely happens by someone that they knowIntimate Partner Rapeo women raped or sexually assaulted in 2006 said assailant was wellknown to themoUsually takes place in a troubled violent homeoAttention to rape by intimatesespecially husbandsis fairly new o1015 of women report being raped by their husbands TrendsoAppears to have declined substantially over past 20 yearsoNational Crime Victimization Survey NCVS statistics Which Partnerships Are at riskoMarital StatusNCVS reports married women report lowest levelsSeparated but not divorced report the highest levelsMarried women have lower levels than those cohabiting as welloNumber of ReasonsoThose separated but not divorced could have ended those relationships because they were violentoLower risk for married than cohabiting could be a selection effect Social ClassoHigher rates among lowincome than among middleincome couplesoHaving less education is associated with being a controlling intimate terroristoUnemployed men have nearly doubled the rate of violenceassault than employed men against their wivesChild AbuseoMost tolerated form of family violence Nearly all parents spank their children at some point Use of physical force against children may have been more common during colonial times than since oNo single definition of what constitutes child abuseDefined in book as serious physical harm trauma sexual abuse with injury or willful malnutrition of a child by an adult with intent to injure Other things may include sexual abuse without injure harder to seeprove or forms of neglect like leaving child home alone On the graph shown in class Neglect is the most common in 2006Neglect is more connected to poverty than it is to abusesome parents may have to leave their kids alone at home because they dont have any child careoSexual Abuse and Its ConsequencesState child protection officials reports show a lower prevalence than do social surveys
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