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Final

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCL 3101
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
SociologicalTheory3101FinalExamMaxWeberOverviewHeisthemostimportanttheoristswelookatImaginethatheisorganizinghiscategoriesintoagridItishistoricalbutalsoabranchingtreemodelofhistoricaldevelopmentoSplitsincertainpointsinhistoryHesaysthatatdifferentpointsinanysocietieshistorytheyhaveadecisiontomakeoYoucantjumpbackandchangehistoryoHismodelisthemostpopularinsocialscienceeveryothertheoristsaidthateverysocietygoesthroughthesamechangeandonthesamepathPathdependenceeverysocietyisfollowingaparticularhistorySunkcostaninvestmentthatgoeswrongandyoucantfixitwithoutanotherinvestmentoWearedependentonourownhistoryIfwewanttoaccomplishsomethingwedoitdifferentlyfromothersbecausetheyhaveadifferentlifecourseSometimesyoudoitbetterwhenitsyourownwayJapanwantedtobelikeanindustrialsocietyandlookedatWesternsocietydifferentwayandsomethinktheydiditbetterandWesternerslooktowardthemRelativisticeverythinggoestheorieswhichonecanbemorepowerfultoimposevaluesonsocietyoHealsothinksothersaredogmaticonlyonewayofdevelopmentThereisnoabsoluteobjectivevaluesthateveryoneagreesonBiographyHewaswritinginthe1880ssametimeasDurkheimandMeadDiedinthe1920syoungfromthefluHecamefromabourgeoisfamilyinGermanyfatherwasinParliamentMostpreeminentsociologistinGermanyathistimeknownasthefounderofsociologyinGermanyandapioneerinmakingitadisciplineHehadtraininginlawandhistorywhichhelpedhiminventthefieldoutofhistoryoFeltstronglythatyoushouldkeeppoliticsandscienceseparateHelpedwritethefirstdemocraticconstitutioninGermanyafterWWIoTheconstitutionhadaprovisionforemergencypowerswhichwasaloopholethatHitlerwalkedthroughhewouldnothaveagreedwithitSpentmostofhiscareerinHeidelbergandlatermovedtoMunichRangeofstuffheworkedonDidalotonmethodologytodaycalledmetatheoryoWhatitmeanstodosocialsciencehowyoucanorganizeknowledgeoTheoryoftheorysystemofhypothesesaboutsomefieldofknowledgeoHowyouwouldgoaboutconstructingbodyofknowledgeandhowyouwouldknowwhatyouwerelookingatoSociologyisasciencethatisconcernedwithacausalexplanationandinterpretiveunderstandingofsocialactionSocialactionintendedandhassignificanceininteractionCausalexplanationwhatarefactorsthatbearonitandcauseittohappenInterpretiveunderstandinghowdoweunderstandmeaningofthinginparticularfortheactoroAlwaysgoingtohavebiasfromourownperspectiveneverseethingasitisbutalwayswithperspectivewebringtoitMainothertopicshelookedatwere1ReligionasasocialphenomenonplaceofreligioninsocialworldRelationshipbetweenreligionandeconomics12EconomichistorySpecificallyemergenceofcapitalism3PoliticsPoliticalsociologyin2respectsScientificstudyhastodolargelywithpoliticalformationpoliticalpartiesoNotthesameasweunderstandasexactsciencebutsimplysystematicandorganizedknowledgeWalkingafinelinebetweenrelativismanddogmatismTherearesomanydifferentpointsofviewintheworldcantjustgooutwithownpreconceptionsandgiveownperspectiveonithavetounderstandfromperspectiveoftheactorYouhavetotrytounderstandfromperspectiveoractorevenifyoudontagreebutcanturnintorelativismbutcompleterelativismisnotokaywedohavesomefoundationswecantakeabouttruthuntruthoDogmaticImrightandeveryoneelseiswrongTheProtestantEthicWroteasasetofessayspublishedasajournalHewroteaboutalmosteveryworldreligionThiswritingisabouttheProtestantsoHedidnotwriteaboutCatholicismoHeenteredadebateWhywasitinwesternsocietiesatthattimeitseemedProtestantsocietieshadmoredevelopedsocietiesthanCatholicsocietiesWaswesternmoreeconomicallyadvancedthannonwesternoWhatisthisthingwearelookingatModernrationalcapitalismWhatdoesitmeanforittoberationalCapitalismhasalmostalwaysexistednotnewbutwecancalltraditionalorientationthatisnotthesameasthecurrentformofcapitalismthecurrentformdoesnotseemtobesimplyaboutgettingrichTraditionallythebestwaytogetalotofmoneywasNOTtobecapitalistthebestwaywastobeakingoremperorandconquerotherplacesandseizestuffbecomeahighlevelthiefBestwayistohavealotofpowerTwoirrationalmethods1Notorientedtowardtheendtowardgettingstuffsoyoucanenjoyit2NotorientedtowardmostefficientwayofgettingstuffpowerandconqueroHewantedtosaythatabeliefsystemandcultureareimportantinsocietyandcultureaffectsotherthingswithinasocietyHewasinterestedinhowreligionaffectstheeconomypoliticsartetcoStrongcontrasttoMarxoRationallawwouldbeacodelawsystemorganizedbutifyoulookwherecapitalismhasbeenmostadvancedandsuccessfulitsnotcodelawbutcommonlawoRationalartsystematicallyfiguredoutoRationalpoliticscentralizedclearbureaucracydoesnotseemtocorrespondtowhatissuccessfuloModernrationalcapitalismBookkeepingmainthingisrationalapplicationoflaborworkandworkorientationDeniesthereisasinglelineofdevelopmentsaysnotallsocietiesdevelopevenlyunintendedconsequenceshappenedforaccidentalreasonsoutcomeyoucouldnotpredictSayshowacertainkindofreligiousdevelopmentincludestheologyandhowthattheologyaffectshumanbehavioranditsconsequencesIntroductionNotpartofthemainessayjustgeneralthinkingonreligionBeginswiththeobservationthatProtestantareasarericherthanCatholicareasoCertainorientationtowardsworkHistoryhasalogicaldevelopmentandisaprocessofbecomingsomethingoSomethingisactuallycontingentHewantstodescribeaneconomicrationalityoDefinesrationalcapitalism2oThereisarationalitythatyouproducethingsefficientlyoYoufindthisrationalitynotthroughgreedbutthroughmanyotherrationalitieslikepoliticalrationalityChapter1TalksaboutGermanyanddismissesreasonswhyProtestantswerethemajorityChapter2thisiswhenthestoryreallybeginsCapitalismhasalwaysexistedbutmodernrationalcapitalismisinfusedwithsomesortofspiritoMorepeoplearelivingtoworkinsteadofworkingtoliveoAsceticdenyingyourselfofworldlypleasuresWhenyoulooktowardscapitalismtraditionallypeopleareworkingtolivemeanstoanendacertainlifestylewhereyouhaveenoughsoyouenjoyyourselfHadregulationforhoweverythingwasdonethingsdidnotreallychangeoFixedpricesfixedregulationswithsuppliesandcustomersExpecttoputoutagoodproductTraditionalorientationtoworktoliveAtacertainpointtheeconomytakesacertainshapebecausethesystemtakesoverafterthepeopleareworkingharderoYougetamodernorientationTolivetoworkPeoplegetobsessedwithworkingandproductivityoThesomeyoungmanwhodrivespeopleharderbecomeshatedHewasnotimmoralbutwasdoingitbecausehewassoethicalbecausehecanstandthepressuresofsocietyBeginstoinspectsuppliersbeginstolookatqualityandpricetakesrationalorientationgreateroutputforlessmoneyintroducingefficiencyTheremustbeanethicalmotivationtochangehisapproachWiththisbecomesmuchmoreintensifiedmuchmoreattentiontooutputefficiencyWhenthisisdoneproducersfeelpressureintroducescompetitionRegularlyaccusedofunethicalbehaviornotseenasfriendlynotpeoplewhoconsiderthemselvestobeunethicalbutregularlyhatedWhydotheyhavetheinnerstrengthtobeunethicalReligiousunderstandingMakesensetolookatreligiousunderstandingsandseeifthereisachangeinreligionsviewofworkwhatitisandplaceithasinethicsandmoralityChapter3orientationtowardsworkHewaswellawareofMarxandthematerialistorientationeconomicfactorsinfluenceeverythingelseLooksatreligiousbeliefstoseeifanythinghaschangedtowardstheworkorientationoWantedtotaketheobservationsthatProtestantnationshaveamoredevelopedsocietyoWasthereanyinfluenceofrelationontheeconomicdevelopmentandreligionoWeberalsosaidyoucouldlookateconomicsonthedevelopmentofreligionHewantstosaythattheeconomicdevelopmentisnotsomepartgeneralprogressandnotpartofGodsplanItdoesnotgoalongwiththedevelopmentofmodernrationalformsinotherspheresoflifeThereissomethingthatisstrangeaboutmodernrationalcapitalismwhatwouldberationaloWhatyouthinkisrationalisthatyouwantmoneytospendandenjoyitWhatyouaredoingitforoIfyoulookatthemodernformitdoesnotseemthatpeoplearenotorientatedtowardsconsumptionPeopleareworkingpastthatpointanditisnotthemostefficientwayofgettingmoneypowerfulmilitaryandstealitfromyourneighborFormsofproductionhasbeenultrarefinedallthekinksareworkedoutandhecomparesthemodernrationalorientationvthetraditionaloCapitalistworkuptoacertainpointanddidnotwanttoworkandtheyweresatisfiedwiththetraditionalwaysofdoingsthingsTherewasalotofcompetitionwiththecapitalistsoWithoutanynecessarychangeinthestructuresomeyoungmanstartedtointensifyeverything3
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