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Test 2 Socl 4471 (aced the test and got 96%)

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Louisiana State University
SOCL 4471

Test 2Wednesday 929Chapter 4Max Weber 18641920Rationalization He wrote extensively about the law He has a bonified definition of law Chart page 105 Political Domination Weber sees the law as an expression of political domination Domination we are talking about power OR authority They are not the samehe is focusing on authority and not on powerWhat do we mean by power Ability to get people to do what you want them to do even if they do not want to do it You can use coercion to force them to do it The type of power he talks about is authorityWhat is the difference between power and authority Authority we follow directions because of authority ex stopping at a stop sign at 3AMLegitimation claims Top Down Talk down claims From on high If you ask a leader why should you be obeyedPeople obey me or I should be obeyed because EX I should be obeyed because I am going to transform your life This would be a legitimation claim They rationalization of why they have the authority to ruleLegitimacy claims Bottom up Comes from the superordinate We bestow legitimacy from above among the leadersDifferent types of political dominationtypes of authority Traditional have to obey certain people Oldest form of authorityWho were the first traditional superordinate patriats heads of family the laws are the rule is what the authority figure says it isStarts with authority invested in the heads of family and spread from there What form did this spread Spread to monarchy Monarchy is traditional authority The kingqueen look over on the kingdom Their authority is not absolute they can be removed This is always a possibility On the other hand considering the idea that these people hold authority you can not deny the fact that these people have very powerful muscles that they can use Ex if the peasants wereto uprise it would not work because the king had armies and such that would quash them The loyalty of the subjects is to the person to the ruler Weber wrote a lot about feudalism another form of patrimonial rule besides monarchies Charismatic Authority Loyalty and devotion and allegiance is to the person At least in terms of that it has some similarities to traditional authority However there are no other similarities Charismatic authority is brief It has no kind of structure or organization beyond rudimentary types Discipleships around the leader is an example The rule is what they say it is He talks about these figures as once in a lifetime folks You never know when they are going to spring up When they do show up they are movers and shakers They are not friendly to the status quo It is hard being one of these They constantly have to verify their extraordinary gifts that they possess Charismatics cant afford to failCharismatic authority is very short lived Why Because when the leader dies the charisma dies it cant be passed on Charismatic authority is transformed into traditional authority or rational legal authority or the whole thing collapses Friday 101Quizmaterial in book through page 121 and everything covered in class Rational Legal Authority Political Domination Typical type would be bureaucracy The authority here does not come from the person as in the other two but in a set of rules that everyone has to follow including the top people Authority is vested in the rules For example We are a nation of law not a nation of men Emphasis on the rules and allegiance made to the rules not specific people Rules implied impartially and even the ruler Is subject to the rulesdefinitely differs from the other two Weber doesnt see Bureaucracy kindly Sees them as we cant kill themget rid of them Selfperpetuating The fact is we are born into bureaucracy and we will die in one Bureaucracies are also ideal types1Fixed offices ordered by impersonal rules job titles2Organizational activities are distributed as official duties job descriptions 3Qualified staff4 Offices are hierarchically arranged 5Regular system of appointment and promotion based on your technical qualifications 6Office continues to exist regardless of who occupies it
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