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Study Guide

[SOCL 2001] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 36 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCL 2001
Professor
O' Neil
Study Guide
Final

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LSU
SOCL 2001
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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SOCL 2001 Notes: O’Neill
Ethics
o DO NOT HARM SUBJECTS
o Confidentiality/ Anonymity
o Informed Consent
Culture
o Material Culture: Stuff, desks, clothes, etc. Tools and technology.
Necessary for our survival.
o Normative or Nonmaterial Culture:
System of learned behavior pattern that are characteristic of
members of the society. It is how we do things and why we do
them. How do we make decisions as society as a whole, how do
we make them conform to values, positions in society, how we do
things?
o Three Main Systems of Culture:
The Ecological Sub-system (Material Culture): Our tools and tech,
how we extract food from the environment.
o Classify different periods of human evolution
(Paleolithic, Neolithic, Mesolithic, Bronze Age, Iron
Age etc.)
o Most “primitive”- Hunting + Gathering. Stones, spears,
etc. Nomadic. Affective bonds, everyone has a job,
everyone works together since there are no tools
available to complete the job. Low specialization. Low
division of labor, and low stratification, more equality
(gender wise too).
o Horticultural Society- Simple hand tools, learned how
to plant crops on a small scale, digging sticks, hoes.
Also domesticated some animals to help with the food
supply. Villages built, larger populations. Afford to
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feed more with a greater food supply, few specialized
occupations, traders, jewelry makers, etc. Start to see
social stratification rich v. poor
o Agrarian: Strong central gov’t. Invention of writing,
more leisure time, social stratification. Laws and rules,
empires, kingdoms.
o Modern Industrial “most advanced”- 1700’s. New
development of technology, boosted efficiency. High
specialization and a high division of labor.
Instrumental bonds, no one truly rely on another.
Social Structure (Normative): Organization of society, how we maintain orderly life.
o Ideology (Normative): World of ideas. How we do we explain or justify the other
processes of society.
o The Sapir-Whof Hpothesis: Liguisti Relatiit is a concept-paradigm in
linguistics and cognitive science that holds that the structure of a language
affects its speakers' cognition or world view. Reflects culture and influences
ad diets that ultue. Not just oa ut gaa ad sta, soiet’s
way of looking at the universe. Designed to communicate. Make it
impossible or hard to think differently foreign concepts.
Coept of igiit i diffeet ultues, eaple ages he it’s
acceptable.
Cosmic energy/life force: Turned these NA into western ideas, the
geat spiit hih is a utilatio of these eliefs. It is’t the sae as
Christianity.
“iou: aka
Iouois: oeda
Algoui: aito
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