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Midterm

THEO 232 Midterm: Exam_1_Study_Guide


Department
Theology
Course Code
THEO 232
Professor
Tobin
Study Guide
Midterm

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New Testament
15-16 different authors between 50 and 120 CE
Chronology of NT
30 AD
Crucifixion and resurrection
51 AD
1 Thessalonians (Paul)
53-54 AD
Galatians (Paul)
54-55 AD
1 Corinthians (Paul)
55-56 AD
2 Corinthians (Paul)
Philippians (Paul)
Philemon (Paul)
57 AD
Romans (Paul)
70-75 AD
Mark
70-90 AD
2 Thes (Pauline)
80-90 AD
Colossians (Pauline)
80-100 AD
Ephesians (Pauline)
Hebrews
Matthew
Luke, Acts
90-100 AD
John
1 Peter
Book of Rev
Letter of James
90-110 AD
Letters of John: 1 John, 2 John, 3 John
1 and 2 Timothy (Pauline)
Titus (Pauline)
100-120 AD
Jude
110-125 AD
2 Peter
Important People

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Alexander the Great: Greek conqueror of the eastern Mediterranean in 4th century B.C.
Apollos: Prominent Christian in Corinth mentioned in 1 Corinthians
James
Cephas (Peter)
Paul (Saul)
Ptolemy: ruled part of Alexander’s broken up land (Egypt and Palestine)
Antiochus Epiphanes
Titus: emperor of Rome who captured Jerusalem after the destruction of the temple,
chief of staff was a Jew
Tiberius: chief of staff of Titus, the Roman emperor; extremely important to the Jews
From prominent Jewish family
Uncle was Philo: interpreter of bible
Matthew
Mark
Luke: author of Gospel and Acts
John
Jesus
Abraham
Theophilus: to whom Luke dedicated his gospel and the acts, may have been a convert
Festus
Barnabas
Stephen
Philip
Herod: built the Jewish temple
Zadok: Jewish priest given jurisdiction over a certain area
Matthias: chosen to replace Judas by drawing lots
Judas
Apollonius of Tyana: considered divine since birth, taught in many towns, people called
him “son of god”, placed on trail by Roman authorities, may have been resurrected,
books about him circulated throughout the empire
Worshipper of roman gods
Many others like him
Creedal Formula (statement of beliefs)
Lit 75-100 CE
1 Cor 15:35
3 For I handed on to you as of first importance what I in turn had received: that
Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures, 4 and that he was
buried, and that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures,
5 and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve.
Structure of New Testament
Gospels
Matthew
Mark
Luke
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John
Acts (written by Luke, sequel to Luke)
Epistles (21)
Book of Revelation
The Jewish and Gentile Compromise
During Paul’s second visit to Jerusalem, it was decided that Paul would preach to the
Gentiles his gospel, and Peter would preach to the Jewish Christians the other gospel.
The Gentiles did not have to follow the Mosaic Law or be circumcised.
Hypocrisy of the Jews
Peter ate with the Gentiles, but when the apostles came from Jerusalem, he withdrew
from the Gentiles.
Story found in Galatians
Ancient vs Modern Religion
Focus shifted from place to person
Differences in:
Polytheism vs monotheism
Cultic acts vs beliefs
Tolerance vs intolerance
Present life vs afterlife
Church and state together vs separate
Periods in Early Christianity
1. Period 1: 30-70 ADFrom Jesus to destruction of Jewish temple
a. History
i. Adherence to Mosaic Law, but Gentiles didn’t have to adhere to Jewish
laws
1. Baptism replaced circumcision
2. Compromise
a. Difficulties: gatherings and commandments
ii. Christianity moved from Judea to Syria, Greece, Asia Minor, Italy
iii. Attempts to understand Jesus, crucifixion seen as bad
iv. Literature: multiplicity of approximations
b. Literature 2 types
i. Letters of Paul (51-57 AD)
1. Some compound letters
ii. About Jesus (each paint diff picture)
1. Gospels
2. Miracle story collections
3. Controversies collections
4. Sayings and parable collections
5. Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday story
2. Period 2: 70-100 AD Expansion of Early Christianity
a. History
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