THEO 232 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Bethsaida, Form Criticism, Synoptic Gospels
Course CodeTHEO 232
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The Gospel of Mark
● 70-75 AD
● Blind man at Bethsaida
● Peter: affirming Jesus’ identity, then denial
● John the Baptist
Synoptic Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke
● Stories, sequences, wording
● Seen together
● How do these gospels agree AND disagree?
● Four Sources
○ Markan Priority: Mark written first, then Matthew and Luke copied
○ “Q”: Quelle (source) provided info to Matthew and Luke
○ “M”: Matthew’s special source, info found only in Matthew
○ “L”: Luke’s special source, info found only in Luke
● Four Source Hypothesis
● Concerned with written documents used by New Testament authors
● Asking 3 questions
○ Did the document have a source?
○ What did the source say?
○ What is the relationship of the author to the source?
■ Relationship among 3 synoptic gospels
● Literary (written): who influenced whom
● Works at micro and macro level
● Triple Tradition (Mk, Mt, Lk): narratives
● Double Tradition (Mt, Lk): stories, sayings
● Why TRIPLE tradition?
○ Extent of material (Matthew and Luke are longer, both added info)
○ Sequencing of material
■ Divergence in sequence, but Mark is always in agreement (BASIS)
■ Only difference is actually a mistake (Plucking Grain, name of the priest)
○ Stylistic: Matthew and Luke had better Greek
■ Both cleaned up Mark’s Greek, present to past
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