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CEM 142 (5)
Midterm

Exam 1 - Acids and Bases

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Department
Chemistry
Course
CEM 142
Professor
Prof.Harrison
Semester
Spring

Description
CEM 142 Lecture Notes Prof. Harrison ACIDS/BASES 1/22/13-2/12/13 Solutes: Things dissolved in water as an aqueous solution Electrolytes: Non-Electrolytes: Dissociate in solution Don't dissociate in solution Strong Weak Sugars Acids: Any acid that Salts: All is not one of the strong 7 Acids: HCl, HBr, HI, H SO , HNO , HClO , Weak: Compounds 2 4 HClO 3 3 with ammonia (NH ) 3 4 Bases: Anything with hydroxide (OH ) and a group I or II element Writing Electrolyte Reactions:  Overall reaction  Detailed ionic reaction  Spectator ions  Net ionic reaction Acid and Base Reactions:  Strong Acid + Strong Base  Neutralize to form water  Strong Acid + Weak Base  Forms ammonium ion  Weak Acid + Strong Base  Forms a salt  Weak Acid + Weak Base  Forms a salt Calculations:  pH = -log [
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